To establish the superiority of monocular presentation in augmented reality (AR) over binocular presentation, we report two experiments involving a tracing task with an AR image covering a visual field observed in both the monocular and binocular conditions. In Experiment 1, the subjective visibility of the AR image and the accuracy of the tracing task were measured. In Experiment 2, participants identified a character in the AR image while tracing. The AR image was less visible in the monocular condition than in the binocular condition. Hence, participants could observe the real world more easily in the monocular condition, and the resulting performance on the tracing task was better in the monocular condition. Information acquisition from the AR image in the monocular condition was equivalent to that in the binocular condition. These results exhibit the superiority of monocular AR presentation for the performance of manual tasks.
We carried out an experiment to evaluate the effects of ambient illuminance and aging on the readability of E-papers. On the basis of this and our prior studies under various illuminance conditions, we suggest that subjective performance declines with decreasing illuminance, and that illuminance of 300 lx is the limiting lighting level at which subjects can maintain their performance. Furthermore, our findings indicate the possibility that subject scores of 45 to 47 on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) indicate passable readability. With regard to aging, the built-in light sources of backlit LCDs and E-paper contribute to improving subjective evaluations, especially for the elderly group in the lower illuminance conditions. However, the younger groups tended to rate the self-luminescent devices poorly at higher levels of illuminance, suggesting that improvements in these devices are needed for these higher levels of lighting.