This research aims to understand the factors affecting career prospects for working women in Japanese enterprises. We focus on the effects of the organizational culture favorable to women's organizational participation, work environment,and supervisor's support. We obtained the data from a survey given to 267 people in three Japanese enterprises(n=267).The results show that the organizational culture favorable to women's organizational participation and open communication in the workplace influence career prospects for working women. The supervisor's support for women's reflection on their work also affects career prospects. These findings indicate that organizational culture favorable to women's organizational participation, work environment and supervisor's support contribute to women's career development.
The aim of this study is to examine learning by middle management through the experience of new business incubation. We carried out a study consisting of semi-structured interviews of 15 middle managers working in new business departments of private enterprises. We analyzed the qualitative data from the 15 participants on the basis of the Modified Grounded Theory Approach(M-GTA) and constructed a learning process model. As a result of the M-GTA based analysis, it became clear that the learning of middle management through the experience of new business incubation had four phases: I. the responsibility avoidance phase, II. the reality acceptance phase, III. the critical reflection phase, and IV. the perspective transformation phase.
The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively analyze the process of philosophy penetration at the micro-level within a private school based on the philosophy of education. The paper focuses on the stages of behavior based on the philosophy of education, and analyzed the relationship between behavior, empathy, and comprehension at the private school. A philosophy penetration measurement scale was developed based on the investigative methodology of philosophy penetration within a business organization and a statistical survey was conducted using the scale to measure the penetration level of philosophy within the private school. The results revealed that the private school organization had a different philosophy penetration process than that of a business organization. Particularly, they revealed that behavior based on the philosophy of the organization comprises two stages: passive behavior and active behavior. An organization member adopts the passive behavior when he or she empathized with the philosophy, and active behavior according to the level of comprehension of the philosophy. This paper attempted modeling the philosophy penetration process based on this knowledge to behavior in a private school.
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