Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1349-3825
Print ISSN : 1345-6296
ISSN-L : 1345-6296
Advance online publication
Displaying 1-3 of 3 articles from this issue
  • Sara AL-BUSAIDI, Atsushi KAMEI, Sasidharan A. SILPA
    Article ID: 230908
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: February 20, 2024

    Shimane Peninsula in the San’in region, SW Japan, has preserved a wide distribution of igneous rocks related to back-arc rifting in the Miocene. We investigated the petrography, geochemistry, and Sr-Nd isotope systematics of rhyolite lavas (Josoji rhyolite: 18-15 Ma) and basaltic to andesitic intrusions of Stage I (ca 14 Ma) and II (ca 13 Ma) intrusive rocks. They are classified as medium-K magma series. The Josoji rhyolite and Stage I rocks show chemical compositions of arc-type signatures, whereas the Stage II rocks show elevated Nb and Ta abundances suggesting weaker arc signatures. The geochemical characteristics indicate that the Josoji rhyolite was produced by partial melting of arc-type basalt under lower to middle crustal conditions. The arc signatures of the Stage I rocks were inherited from a remnant metasomatized lithosphere formed by the subduction of the Pacific Plate before the opening of the Japan Sea. The Stage II rocks were formed from a fertile magma that might be produced by the melting of upwelling asthenospheric mantle. We conclude that various magmatic processes took place during and just after the back-arc rifting development in the San’in region.

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  • Gen Takahashi, Taiga Okumura, Takayoshi Nagaya, Michio Suzuki, Toshihi ...
    Article ID: 231206
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: February 09, 2024

    The fine structure of goldfish (Carassius auratus) asterisci, which consists of vaterite—a metastable polymorph of anhydrous calcium carbonate—has been investigated and compared with inorganically synthesized vaterites, using electron microscopy. This is as a first step in elucidating the mechanism of polymorph selection of calcium carbonate in the biomineralization of otoliths. X-ray and electron diffraction analyses suggested that there was no marked difference in the unit cell parameters, supercell structure, or stacking disorder features between the asteriscus vaterite and the synthesized vaterites. Although the sizes of the vaterite single crystals in the asteriscus are considerably larger than those in the synthesized ones, both show mosaicity, or crystal aggregates with small misorientations, implying that this character is an intrinsic property of the vaterite structure. The asteriscus consists of slender elements radiating from the central region of the asteriscus, with the elements extending normal to the c-axis, suggesting that the polymorph was selected at the asteriscus initial growth stage.

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  • Satoshi Nakano
    Article ID: 230630
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: January 30, 2024

    Feldspar internal textures in a pyroclastic trachyte from Oki-Dogo, Sea of Japan, were examined to expand the understanding of feldspar reactions during the cooling through magmatic to hydrothermal stages, beyond the previous information of feldspars in Oki-Dogo alkaline lava and sheet rocks, using the methods of an electron microprobe and cathodoluminescence. Two types of micron-size internal microtextures were found to coexist in individual feldspar phenocrysts: clear domain textures, formed during a high-temperature magmatic stage, and turbid microperthitic textures, formed during a low-temperature subsolidus stage. The both microtextures are products of metasomatic replacement reactions. In addition, nano-size fluorite grains are aligned across the microtextures. The fluorite occurrence records the behavior of fluorine related to feldspar reactions. The first account of metasomatic microtextures crosscut by fluorite alignments in volcanic alkali feldspars expands our knowledge of feldspar reactions during the cooling and fluorine behaviors related to them in igneous rocks, and shows the significance of the careful analysis of feldspar internal microtextures.

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