When a disaster occurs, some affected areas attract more media attention than
others, and obtain more resources as a result. The problem of such unequal distribution
is considered to arise from unidirectional interaction between information senders (e.g.,
media) and receivers (e.g., local residents). To resolve this problem, we conducted
interviews to examine the concept of “star disaster-affected areas” and the relationship
between media and local residents of two disaster-affected areas in Taiwan: Shiaolin
Village and Huashan Village. We found that increased interaction for improving the
situation between stakeholders (residents, media, government, and supporters) benefits and
accelerates the post-disaster recovery.
Thousands of residents living in slums on small hillocks in Mumbai are at risk due
to recurring landslides. The evacuation of these dwellers from the hills before the rainy
season is considered essential to avoid the landslide risks. Although the city government
has made several efforts to encourage residents to evacuate, few are willing to do so. The
city government is, therefore, seeking effective risk communication strategies to encourage
more slum dwellers to evacuate. Given this challenge, the present study examines the
factors related to residents’ evacuation behavior including their risk perception and
evacuation intention. Unlike previous studies on household disaster preparedness behavior,
which are predominantly cognitive modeling based and fail to address collective and social
accounts of human behavior, the present study examines how various societal factors,
such as social networks and group norms govern household evacuation decisions. Our
fi ndings corroborate the hypothesis that social networks do play an important role in the
evacuation decision. The study found that residents’ risk perceptions are shaped to a great
extent by their neighbors and cohesive group partners with whom they have direct and
strong interconnections. However, residents’ intentions to evacuate are largely infl uenced
by the people who are indirectly and weakly connected with them, such as the members of
social groups based on religion, caste and language. Some policy implications related to the
fi ndings are discussed.
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