Poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPs) play roles in mRNA maturation, translational activity, and decay. The functions of PABPs, especially PABPN1 and PABPC1, in somatic cells have been well-studied. However, little is known about the roles of PABPs in oocytes because of the unique mechanisms of mRNA metabolism in oocytes. This study focused on PABPN1L and generated Pabpn1l knockout (KO) mice using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. After mating tests, we found that Pabpn1l KO females were infertile due to the failure of the embryos to develop to the 4-cell stage. RNA-seq analysis revealed aberrant mRNA persistence in Pabpn1l KO-MII oocytes, which indicates impaired mRNA degradation during the germinal vesicle (GV) to MII transition. We also revealed that the exogenous expression of Pabpn1l mRNA in KO-GV oocytes recovered defects of embryonic development. PABPN1L is partly indispensable for female fertility in mice, owing to its necessity for embryonic development, which is supported by mRNA degradation during GV to MII maturation.
Pre-ovulatory follicles are cooler than the neighboring reproductive organs in cows. Thus, measuring the temperature of reproductive organs could be a useful method for predicting estrus and ovulation in cows, and the establishment of a non-invasive technique is required. In this study, we used infrared thermography (IRT) to measure ocular surface temperature as a potential surrogate for reproductive organ temperature. Five Japanese Black cows with synchronized estrus were subjected to temperature measurements in five regions of the ocular surface, including the nasal conjunctiva, nasal limbus, center cornea, temporal limbus, and temporal conjunctiva, twice a day (0800 h and 1600 h) during the experimental period. The temperatures in the five regions significantly declined in cows from estrus to ovulation. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to use IRT to show a temperature decrease in the ocular surface along with estrus to ovulation in Japanese Black cows.