Nilo-Ethiopian Studies
Online ISSN : 1881-1175
Print ISSN : 1340-329X
Current issue
Displaying 1-2 of 2 articles from this issue
    2023 Volume 2023 Issue 28 Article ID: 28.a01
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: September 07, 2023

    This study describes the utilization of triticale (× Triticosecale Wittmack) by the Gamo Highlanders of southern Ethiopia and identifies the factors that have contributed to its acceptance. Triticale is an intergeneric hybrid of wheat (Triticum spp.) and rye (Secale cereale) that was introduced in the Gamo Highlands in the 1970s. The Gamo Highlanders living in this cold and high-altitude area cultivated triticale along with pre-existing crops such as, wheat (Triticum spp.), barley (Hordeum vulgare), and enset (Ensete ventricosum). Local inhabitants highly value triticale because its yields are higher than those of barley and wheat, with a limited labor force. The inhabitants use triticale to make a broad range of dishes; of the 13 dishes made with cereals, 12 can be made with triticale alone or with it combined with other cereals. Triticale can also be used as a supplementary ingredient for making an indigenous flatbread, known as injera, which is served on special occasions. Injera is originally prepared using teff (Eragrostis tef), a crop of Ethiopian origin; however, the land was unsuitable for teff cultivation. Triticale was accepted into the foodway by the Gamo Highlanders because of its agronomic traits, and the fact that it could be used for making injera also significantly contributed to its acceptance. Furthermore, pre-existing cooking methods in the area for wheat and barley before the introduction of triticale also contributed towards the acceptance of triticale.

    Download PDF (3268K)
    2023 Volume 2023 Issue 28 Article ID: 28.a02
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: October 26, 2023

    In terms of contraception, scholarly attention has focused on the issue of gender roles and decision-making in terms of the challenge of promoting family planning in patriarchal societies.

    This study aims to determine the spread of family planning in Maale in Ethiopia and the perception of women on this aspect with a focus on its relationship with the attitudes of men toward reproductive health. I will also discuss the practice of family planning from the care perspective and examine gender relationships in reproductive health.

    The study infers that the penetration of family planning in Maale spread through the negotiations in gender relationships. Male partners in Maale are in a position to support the reproductive health and decision-making of the women, and although a few of the men understand this concept and are willing to be actively involved, others remain indifferent as solely within the sphere of women. Although these attitudes of male partners may be considered from the perspective of the logic of choice, which does not obstruct the decision-making of women, one should not overlook that the male partner is also involved in the process of caring for the body of the woman from the perspective of care.

    Download PDF (471K)