Oncological hyperthermia is an ancient method that has been around for thousands of years. Despite this, oncological hyperthermia is still in the early stages of development. Like many such therapies, it lacks adequate treatment experience and long-range, comprehensive statistics that can help us optimize its use for all indications. The reason for this is simply explained by the reason that the overall heating of the locally targeted volume has no adequate harmony between physiology, thermodynamics and technical solutions. Selectively focused heating needs to be applied to the sensitive points of malignant cells in order to liberate energy in the nano-scale cellular region. The present article discusses the mechanisms of heating and the effects of hyperthermia in oncology, and provides a solution by Oncothermia (Nanothermia) which shows efficacy in a wide range of malignancies.
Gastointestinal cancers continue to be a common health problem. Among gastrointestinal cancers, gastric and colorectal cancers are most common causes of cancer incidence and death worldwide. These are basically treated surgically, but multidisciplinary treatment is applied for locally advanced and recurrent cancers, and its main modality is chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Preoperative CRT is performed for locally advanced rectal cancer. On the other hand, postoperative CRT is viewed by many reports as the standard care for advanced stomach cancer in Western countries. Curative or preoperative CRT is a standard treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer. There have been several reports on the combination of these with regional hyperthermia in which favorable therapeutic outcomes were achieved. Regarding hyperthermia, thermal enhancement by combination with radiation and various anticancer drugs has been reported in vitro and in vivo. Particularly, thermal enhancement by combination with novel anticancer drugs may lead to further improvement of the therapeutic outcome. For peritoneal dissemination of gastrointestinal cancers including stomach cancer, hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy has been shown to be effective, as expected. There is also a possibility of the combination of hyperthermia with immunotherapy. It is necessary to elucidate the mechanism of thermal enhancement and demonstrate the efficacy of hyperthermia by performing an appropriate clinical study.