Annals of Clinical Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 2434-4338
Validation Study of Algorithms to Identify Malignant Tumors and Serious Infections in a Japanese Administrative Healthcare Database
Atsushi Nishikawa Eiko YoshinagaMasaki NakamuraMasayoshi SuzukiKeiji KidoNaoto TsujimotoTaeko IshiiDaisuke Koide
ジャーナル オープンアクセス HTML

2022 年 4 巻 1 号 p. 20-31



This retrospective observational study validated case-finding algorithms for malignant tumors and serious infections in a Japanese administrative healthcare database.


Random samples of possible cases of each disease (January 2015–January 2018) from two hospitals participating in the Medical Data Vision Co., Ltd. (MDV) database were identified using combinations of ICD-10 diagnostic codes and other procedural/billing codes. For each disease, two physicians identified true cases among the random samples of possible cases by medical record review; a third physician made the final decision in cases where the two physicians disagreed. The accuracy of case-finding algorithms was assessed using positive predictive value (PPV) and sensitivity.


There were 2,940 possible cases of malignant tumor; 180 were randomly selected and 108 were identified as true cases after medical record review. One case-finding algorithm gave a high PPV (64.1%) without substantial loss in sensitivity (90.7%) and included ICD-10 codes for malignancy and photographing/imaging. There were 3,559 possible cases of serious infection; 200 were randomly selected and 167 were identified as true cases after medical record review. Two case-finding algorithms gave a high PPV (85.6%) with no loss in sensitivity (100%). Both case-finding algorithms included the relevant diagnostic code and immunological infection test/other related test and, of these, one also included pathological diagnosis within 1 month of hospitalization.


The case-finding algorithms in this study showed good PPV and sensitivity for identification of cases of malignant tumors and serious infections from an administrative healthcare database in Japan.

© 2022 Society for Clinical Epidemiology

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