1993 Volume 454 Pages 65-75
The first object of this study is to make clear the present condition of palliative care units in Japan.The second object of this study is to set up the guideline of architectural planning of palliative care facility. We selected three hospitals for a case study .The surveyed items were name of disease.address of the patients, and duration of stay. Futher we observed the palliative care unit in Japan, working as a volunteer. The results of this study are presented as follows; 1.Many of .the inpatients live in and around the area where the hospital situated. 2.The duration of stay of 75% inpatients are whithin 3 months. 3. The frequency distribution of the inpatients approximates to the normal distribution. 4. In case of practicing the hospice care, it is important to set up private rooms, and to keep some rooms ready for use as living rooms for patients and their families. 5. It is necessary for comedical staffs such as socialworkers,volunteers,counselors to keep their rooms in the facility.