2016 Volume 11 Pages 86-97
This study examined factors contributing to the strengths of elderly community residents living alone, and appropriate methods to support them to continue their independent lives while making the most of such strengths. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted involving 825 single-person household elderly and 600 elderly individuals living with other people in A City, and 757 that obtained an effective answer was analyzed. In the study involving elderly community residents living alone, although the proportion of those perceiving a decline in their physical functions and requiring assistance based on the Long-term Care Insurance System was high, the rate of independence in 2 IADL items (‘managing savings/deposits' and ‘preparing meals') was higher than other households. Moreover, a high proportion of the respondents regarded ‘paying attention to health in daily life' and ‘actively speaking to others' as their strengths. It was not a standpoint as weak up to now existence as for single elderly-person households who tended to be caught, and the necessity of the setting of a place that was able to be active of single elderly-person households voluntary standpoint elderly of ‘conversations with friends', ‘Health' , and ‘Meals' in the key word was suggested.