1998 Volume 14 Issue 3 Pages 529-533
A dynamically coated column of C18-bonded silica gel with methyltricaprylylammonium chloride was used for the selective preconcentration of Cd from water samples under acidic conditions. The complete adsorption of Cd occurred from seawater with no additional reagent, and was found from non-saline waters containing 0.05 - 5 M HCl. The interfering matrix ions were not retained and pass through the column. The sorbed Cd was eluted with 4 ml of 0.1 M HNO3 for a subsequent measurement by graphite-furnace AAS. The technique has been successfully applied to seawater and riverwater certified reference materials. The preconcentration process is simple and minimizes the contamination of blanks. The detection limit (3 σ) is 0.2 ng l-1 of Cd based on a 75-fold preconcentration.