2001 Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 11-15
Amperometric measurement of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was carried out at cytochrome c-immobilized monolayers and ascorbate oxidase (AOD)/xanthine oxidase (XOD)/cytochrome c- and (AOD, XOD)/cytochrome c-multilayers. Cytochrome c was covalently immobilized on mercaptopropionic acid-containing self-assembled monolayers on gold. A biopolymer membrane of poly-L-lysine confining XOD and AOD was cast on the monolayer of cytochrome c. While both the cytochrome c-immobilized monolayer and multilayer electrodes show anodic current responses to the generation of superoxide radical, the sensitivity of the multilayer system for the detection of superoxide radical was high relative to that of the monolayer system. In the case of the cytochrome c-multilayer electrodes, the generation of superoxide radical near the sensing element, cytochrome c, resulted in high sensitivity for the detection of superoxide. The use of a XOD and AOD-incorporated poly-L-lysine membrane enabled the detection of the generation of superoxide radical in the presence of L-ascorbic acid. Though L-ascorbic acid could scavenge superoxide radical, the biopolymer membrane confined with AOD will oxidize any L-ascorbic acid that permeated into the membrane. By using the multilayer electrodes, one could measure the activity of SOD in the presence of L-ascorbic acid.