2004 Volume 20 Issue 5 Pages 831-836
Based on a flow-injection spectrophotometry, an automatic analytical method for determination of ppb-level chloride-ion has been established. By use of this method, a novel FIA method for the determination of SBAER performance has also been developed. In this paper, the effects of concentration, dosage, and flow rate of the regenerant on BEC of SBAER were first investigated dynamically by the FIA method. In addition, the flow rate of the sample water and the temperature of the ion exchange resin were also examined. The optimum conditions were obtained: the volume of the regenerant (sodium hydroxide) was 50 mL (0.15 g resin), and its concentration was 3% (w/v); the volumetric flow rates of the regenerant and the sample water were 0.5 ml/min (4.3 m/h) and 1.5 ml/min (13 m/h), respectively. The exchanging temperature was 25 ± 5°C. The method is characterized by the use of a micro resin-column, shorter testing cycle, easy operation, and high reproducibility. The proposed method is approximately 30 times more efficient than the manual method, and it can be used for the exchange performance comparison of various SBAER.