Analytical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1348-2246
Print ISSN : 0910-6340
ISSN-L : 0910-6340
Original Papers
Improving the Sensitivity of NIR Spectroscopy with an Enrichment Technique: Determining a Trace Analyte of Ethyl Carbamate
Xuemei WEIZixia HUANGWei ZHANGYiping DU
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2007 Volume 23 Issue 7 Pages 853-856


An exploration was made to develop a determination method of a low-concentration analyte by NIR spectroscopy. An absorber, silica gel was employed to extract and enrich a low-concentration analyte of ethyl carbamate. The solid absorber with the enriched analyte was measured by NIR spectroscopy in the range of 800 - 2500 nm. Afterwards, PLS regression was performed between the NIR spectra and the concentrations of the analyte for quantitative analysis of the low-concentration analyte. The spectra of 20 solid samples of analyte-absorbed silica gel showed a good correlation with the concentrations of ethyl carbamate in the samples. A leave-one-out cross validation was applied to evaluate the prediction ability of PLS models built with the full spectra, spectra in the region of 1920 - 1970 nm and the region of 2250 - 2430 nm, respectively. The values of the root-mean-square error of the cross validation (RMSECV) were about 0.1 mg L-1 (0.1 ppm).

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© 2007 by The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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