2009 Volume 25 Issue 2 Pages 167-175
The hydration of ions in confined spaces, such as the interior of ion-exchange resins, micelles, and surface monolayers, is discussed on the basis of results obtained with X-ray absorption fine structure studies, electrophoresis, and ion-transfer voltammetry. The general trends are that anions are partly dehydrated therein, whereas cations are likely to keep their first hydration shells. For bromide ions, the hydration numbers under various circumstances have been determined. The extents of dehydration depend not only on the structure of the cationic sites electrostatically attracting bromide ions but also on whether the cationic sites are exposed to a solution or are effectively shielded from it. These findings will be useful for designing the systems for ionic recognition and separation.