Analytical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1348-2246
Print ISSN : 0910-6340
ISSN-L : 0910-6340
Original Papers
Application of a Dynamic Reaction Cell (DRC) ICP-MS in Chromium and Iron Determinations in Rock, Soil and Terrestrial Water Samples
Yasumasa OGAWAShin-ichi YAMASAKINoriyoshi TSUCHIYA
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2010 Volume 26 Issue 8 Pages 867-872

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Abstract

Despite environmental and geochemical interests, Cr and Fe have been left beyond the reach of determinations by ICP-MS due to severe interferences originating from Ar. The applicability of a dynamic reaction cell (DRC)-ICP-MS has been examined for determinations in environmental and geochemical samples. The reaction with NH3 in the DRC system provides an eligible technique to determine Cr, because of a greater improvement in the signal/noise (S/N) ratio due to an effective elimination of interferences arising from Ar (ArC, ArN and ArO), and makes it possible to analyze Cr even at sub-μg L−1 levels. As compared to non-DRC mode analyses, the DRC technique using m/z 56 appeared to be preferable for Fe determination in most terrestrial waters because of effective suppression of 40Ar16O+. In addition, the effects of cluster ions, such as 39K14N1H3+ and 40Ca14N1H2+, on Fe determination were also negligibly small. Measurements using 54Fe by the DRC mode are also advantageous for Ca-rich samples, such as limestone and dolomite.

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© 2010 by The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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