1996 Volume 49 Issue 5 Pages 409-413
A novel acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitor, designated epi-cochlioquinone A has been isolated from the fermentation broth of Stachybotrys bisbyi SANK 17777. The molecular formula, physicochemical properties, NMR spectroscopic analysis and X-ray crystallographic analysis revealed that this compound was a stereoisomer of cochlioquinone A, which has been previously reported as a nematocidal agent. It inhibited ACAT activity in an enzyme assay using rat liver microsomes with an IC50 value of 1.7μM. However, it showed about 10-fold less potent inhibitory effect on plasma lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) than on ACAT. In addition, it inhibited in vivo cholesterol absorption in rats by 50% at 75mg/kg.