1997 Volume 50 Issue 5 Pages 395-401
The known bisalkylated 2, 5-dihydroxybenzoquinones didemethylasterriquinone D and iso cochliodinol as well as the new metabolites Semicochliodinol A and B have been isolated as inhibitors of HIV-1 protease from the culture broth of the fungus Chrysosporium merdarium P-5656. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. The NMR spectra of two compounds were completely assigned. The metabolites inhibit HIV-1 protease with an IC50 value as low as 0.17 μM and epidermal growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinase at 15 to 60 μM and are therefore valuable lead compounds for these targets. Molecular modelling of the HIV-1-protease-inhibitor complexes showed hydrogen bonding between the dihydroxybenzoquinone moiety of didemethylasterriquinone D and isocochliodinol to both active-site aspartic acids (Asp25/Asp25') of the protease and the indole parts of the inhibitors filling the P2 and P2' pockets of the protease.