2017 年 8 巻 3-4 号 p. 35-44
Clinical supervision is effective for preventing the burnout of community mental health professionals. However, the tacit knowledge of the clinical supervisors who assessed the issues associated with community mental health care has not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to clarify the assessment strategies used by clinical supervisors who are focused on community mental health care. This was a cross-sectional study, in which content analysis was performed on the supervisors’ advices regarding the assessment of each community mental healthcare professional. Among the 309 cases, we identified 2 main types of assessment strategies used by clinical supervisors, namely, ‘clarification of the present and future health issues of the person with mental illness and his/her family’ and ‘consideration of a support plan for the person with mental illness and his/her family’. The clinical supervisors assessed the health issues and future problems of the person with mental illness and their family, and also identified inappropriate care provided by the community mental health professionals. Our findings contribute towards improving the quality of care for people with mental illness and their families. Our results indicated that clinical supervisors try to communicate effectively with professionals from multiple disciplines, to enhance collaboration between professionals, and to prevent the burnout of mental health professionals.