2022 Volume 15 Issue 3 Pages 197-200
A case of a giant popliteal venous aneurysm that caused massive pulmonary thromboembolism with an arteriovenous fistula draining into the adjacent proximal femoral vein is reported herein. Deep veins in the lower leg were occluded by thrombi. The inlet and outlet orifice inside the aneurysm was closed and aneurysmorraphy was performed. The fistula was retained on the estimation that it would maintain the blood flow and prevent thrombus formation inside the femoral vein. The aneurysm was shrunk, the femoral vein was patent, and the fistula was not observed 1 year later, although it still existed 1 week after the operation.