2020 年 25 巻 3 号 p. 173-178
Viridans group streptococci (VGS) are a common cause of infective endocarditis, and dental plaque is the major source of these bacteria. The present study examined the antibiotic resistance of 635 VGS isolates obtained from dental plaques. Isolates from supragingival plaques were identified using the rapid ID 32 Strep and mini API reader (bioMérieux, France), and minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by a broth microdilution method. High rates of resistance to ampicillin and tetracycline were detected among the isolates. The most resistant species were Streptococcus sanguinis and Streptococcus salivarius. Among the 635 isolates, 9.1% were resistant to erythromycin, and 20.6% to tetracycline. All isolates were sensitive to vancomycin. Resistance to amoxicillin was observed in 0.2% of all isolates. In this study, we showed the incidence of antimicrobial resistance and the susceptibility patterns among 635 VGS isolates from dental plaque.