2018 Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 168-176
Paeoniflorin is the main bioactive components of the root of P.lactiflora Pall., and has been widely used as an anti-inflammation and immunomodulatory agent. However, the effect and mechanisms of Paeoniflorin in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains to be elucidated. In the present study, streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mice model was used to investigate the protective effect of Paeoniflorin and the role of the Janus kinase (JAK) 2/signal transducer (STAT) 3 signaling pathway on DN. After treatment with Paeoniflorin at a dose of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg once a day for 12 weeks, both the functional and histological damage to diabetic mice kidney had been attenuated significantly. Additionally, these reno-protective effects were associated with alleviating macrophage infiltration and inflammatory factors expression as well as suppression of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. These data reveal that Paeoniflorin attenuates renal lesions in diabetic mice and these protective effects may be associated with the prevention of macrophage infiltration and inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.