2012 Volume 6 Issue 6 Pages 288-295
This community-based cross-sectional study examined alcohol use and HIV risks among a sample of predominantly ethnic males in Yunnan Province, China. Information about alcohol use, sexual behavior, sex after drinking, and HIV infection was collected using face-to-face interviews and blood testing. Out of 497 potential male participants, 382 males agreed to participate in this study. Of these males, 70% were ethnic minorities, 74.1% were currently married, 95.5% were sexually experienced, 27.5% had used drugs, and 6% were HIV-infected. Over 81% were current drinkers and 55.7% started drinking before the age of 18. Among current drinkers, 44.5% drank daily and 31.9% had drunk heavily in the past 30 days. Baijiu (a Chinese liquor distilled from sorghum with an ethanol content of at least 40%) was the preferred drink of choice. Excessive alcohol use was associated with being an ethnic Jingpo (OR = 1.96), being a smoker (OR = 2.09) and having multiple lifetime sex partners (OR = 1.55). Over 21% reported having ever engaged in sex after drinking. Those who were aged 26 to 35 (OR = 3.80), started drinking before age 18 (OR = 2.14), who were heavy drinkers (OR = 1.99), or who had ever used drugs (OR = 2.00) were more likely to have ever engaged in sex after drinking. Health education programs for alcohol abuse and unwanted outcomes, particularly the risk of HIV, are urgently needed for ethnic males in Yunnan.