2014 Volume 8 Issue 5 Pages 260-265
This study aims to find an optimal method for modifying the neck of dental implants for gingival attachment through in vitro investigations of the biological features of various anodised TiO2 films. The titanium sheets were divided into four groups: a control group and three test groups classified according to the anodisation voltage (Group 150 V, Group 180 V or Group 200 V).The surface microstructure and crystal structure were observed using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The protein adsorption ability, antibacterial activity and cell adhesion ability were tested to examine the biological properties of the materials in vitro. Microscopic grooves were observed in the control group, whereas the test groups contained numerous pores. Group 180 V and Group 200 V showed higher protein adsorption ability (p < 0.05), whereas Group 150 V and Group 180 V exhibited better antibacterial activity (p < 0.05). Higher cell concentrations of L929 were observed in Group 180V and Group 200 V than in the other two groups (p < 0.05), which indicated that the TiO2 films formed at 180 V promote protein adsorption and enhance fibroblast growth while inhibiting bacterial adhesion. These results indicate that anodisation positively affects the formation of a biological seal in the neck region of dental implants.