1993 年 40 巻 1 号 p. 29-44
In a series of studies to investigate the structural features of the biological crystals, using electron microscope, we examined the ultrastructure of the human dentin crystals at near atomic resolution through the cross and longitudinal sections of the crystals The materials used for this study were the deep layer of the non-carious coronal dentin from freshly extracted human erupted permanent molars. The small cubes of the dentin were fixed in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and embedded in epoxy resin using the routine methods. The ultrathin sections were cut wth a diamond knife without decalcification. The sections were examined with the HITACH H-700 type of transmission electron microscope operated at 200kV. Each crystal was observed at the initial magnification of 300,000 times and at the final magnification of 10,000,000 times and over. Using this approach, the authors have been able to show the configuration of the hydroxyapatite structure in the cross and longitudinal sections of the dentin crystals deposited within and between the collagen fibrils (intrafibrillar and interfibrillar crystal) in the intertubular dentin and observe the basic hexagonal pattern of the unit cell viewed down the c axis. The authors sincerely believe that the electron micrograph shown in this report is the first atomic image to be obtained from a hydroxyapatite crystal from the human dentin, using the sections.