2020 年 2 巻 6 号 p. 330-338
Background:Recently, the left ventricular early inflow-outflow index (LVEIO), calculated by dividing mitral E-wave velocity by the left ventricular outflow velocity time integral, has been proposed as a simple method for evaluating mitral regurgitation (MR). This study determined the optimal LVEIO threshold to assess severe MR with different etiologies and assessed its prognostic value.
Methods and Results:The records of 18,692 consecutive patients who underwent echocardiography were reviewed. MR was classified into 4 groups: Grade 0/1, no, trivial, or mild MR; Grade 2, moderate MR; Grade 3, moderate to severe MR; and Grade 4, severe MR. The mean (±SD) LVEIO of Grades 0/1, 2, 3, and 4 was 3.6±1.4, 6.0±2.5, 7.4±3.1, and 9.5±2.8, respectively. An optimal LVEIO threshold of 5.4 was determined to distinguish moderate to severe or severe MR from non-severe MR (sensitivity 84%, specificity 91%). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed high mortality in the group with LVEIO ≥5.4 (P=0.009, hazard ratio 1.833). This was found only in primary MR when separate analyses were performed according to etiology. Multivariate analysis revealed that LVEIO was an independent predictor for all-cause death only in primary MR.
Conclusions:Using appropriate thresholds, LVEIO is a simple and useful method to diagnose severe MR regardless of etiology. LVEIO can also be useful for predicting prognosis in primary MR.