2021 年 3 巻 7 号 p. 396-404
Background:The significance of late diastolic velocity (a′) obtained by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), which reveals atrial function, in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. This study evaluated the association of TDI parameters determined either immediately or 2 weeks after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with long-term outcomes.
Methods and Results:In all, 740 patients with first-time STEMI underwent immediate PCI (i.e., within 12 h of onset). Echocardiography was performed in 307 patients 2 weeks after onset (Group A; mean age 64 years, 249 males), in 277 patients immediately after PCI (Group B; mean age 65 years, 229 males), and in 156 patients twice (i.e., immediately and 2 weeks after PCI; Group C; mean age 65 years, 135 males). Patients were followed-up for up to 10 years (mean 81 months). The primary endpoints were cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) occurred in 143 patients (19%) during the follow-up period. Both univariate and multivariate Cox hazard analyses were used to determine predictors of MACE. At 24 h and 2 weeks after STEMI onset, a′ and E/e′ were the strongest predictors of MACE, respectively.
Conclusions:TDI parameters have different implications depending on the timing of echocardiography after a first-time STEMI. Based on the results of this study, atrial dysfunction measured by TDI 24 h after STEMI onset may indicate a poor prognosis.