2021 Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 61-64
Many monogenetic disorders of short stature have autosomal recessive/dominant form of inheritance. However, X-linked short stature has not been well recognized. Herein, we report a case of a boy from a family with familial severe short stature and mental retardation, who displayed an X-linked recessive trait. The boy at the age of 4 yr and 6 mo presented with remarkable growth failure (height: 76.5 cm [–6.3 SD]) and mental retardation (IQ: 30) and cerebellar volume loss and without an external anomaly or microcephaly to our hospital. A careful interview to determine the family history suggested a genetic background of familial mental retardation and short stature. His mother had mild intellectual disability with normal stature and his maternal uncle had severe mental retardation with remarkably short stature. Whole-exome sequencing identified a pathogenic variant in the KDM5C gene, NM_004187: exon 23: c.3874_3875del: (p.Ala1292Glnfs*7). He presented with a novel frameshift mutation. His mother was a heterozygous carrier of the variant. This case suggests that a disorder associated with the KDM5C gene should be considered when patients present with remarkably short stature and X-linked mental retardation.