Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology
Online ISSN : 1347-7358
Print ISSN : 0918-5739
ISSN-L : 0918-5739
Inconvenience and adaptation in Japanese adult achondroplasia and hypochondroplasia: A cross-sectional study
Akiko AjimiMasaki MatsushitaKenichi MishimaNobuhiko HagaSayaka FujiwaraKeiichi OzonoTakuo KubotaTaichi KitaokaShiro ImagamaHiroshi Kitoh
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 2021-0043

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Abstract

The health-related quality of life is reduced in patients with achondroplasia (ACH) and hypochondroplasia (HCH); however, the detailed inconveniences in the daily living and individual adaptations have not been elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the inconvenience and adaptation in patients with ACH/HCH. A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with ACH/HCH aged 20 yr or older. Questionnaires were sent to 567 patients (described 86) with a medical history at the co-authors’ institutions or who were registered at the patients’ association with ACH in Japan. The questionnaire included a free description format for the inconveniences and adaptations in daily living; a content analysis was performed. The recorded inconveniences included 148 physical, 84 mental, and 52 social problems. Patients who underwent spine surgery had significantly more recorded physical problems than those who did not (p < 0.05). Pain and numbness were significantly higher in patients aged ≥ 50 yr (p < 0.05). The 160 and 1 adaptations were for physical and social problems, respectively. No patient adaptation was found for mental health problems. Individual adaptations by ACH/HCH patients can improve only some aspects of physical and social problems. Multilateral social support is needed to resolve patients’ issues.

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© 2021 The Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology

この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
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