2021 Volume 46 Issue 2 Pages 73-78
XRN2 is a 5'-to-3' exoribonuclease that is predominantly localized in the nucleus. By degrading or trimming various classes of RNA, XRN2 contributes to essential processes in gene expression such as transcription termination and ribosome biogenesis. Despite limited substrate specificity in vitro, XRN2 targets a specific subset of RNA by interacting with other proteins in cells. Here we review the functions of proteins that have an evolutionarily conserved XRN2-binding domain, XTBD. These proteins modulate activity of XRN2 by stabilizing it, controlling its subcellular localization or recruiting it to specific RNA targets, and thereby impact on various cellular processes.
Key words: RNA regulation, XRN2, XTBD, ribosome biogenesis, subcellular localization