2018 Volume 12 Issue 4 Pages 206-213
The effects of variety and modification of rice on its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were investigated. White rice varieties; Jasmine (JM) and Saohai (SH), and pigmented rice varieties; Doisket (DS) and Homnil (HN) were used. The modified rice samples were obtained from chemical modification using etherification reaction. The activities of the modified rice samples were compared with the ethanol extracts of the raw rice at the same rice concentration. Antioxidant activity was measured by the free radical scavenging activity tests and ferric reducing power assay. Results indicated that the ethanol extracts of raw rice had higher antioxidant activity than the modified rice. Among the raw rice tested, the pigmented rice showed higher antioxidant activity than white rice. Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity values from free radical scavenging activity test were revealed that 50% ethanol extracts of HN and DS possessed the highest antioxidant activity. Ferric reducing power assay showed that 50% ethanol extracts of DS had the highest antioxidant activity. The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in vitro using a lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cell model with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Absolute ethanol extracts of HN reduced interleukin-6 secretion whereas that of DS suppressed interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor -α secretion. These results indicate that variety of rice, chemical modification, and extracting solvent were the factors that play an important role on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. This study supports the potential use of the pigmented rice, especially DS, as a promising choice of a natural source because of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.