Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Online ISSN : 1881-784X
Print ISSN : 1881-7831
ISSN-L : 1881-7831
Original Article
In vitro study about prevention of vascular reocclusion by low intensity ultrasonic irradiation
Yoshikazu SawaguchiZuojun WangHiroyuki YamamotoNorio Nakata
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2022 Volume 16 Issue 5 Pages 233-239


For the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, the current standard of care is thrombolysis by the administration of intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Although this approach is proven to be effective, reocclusion within 24 hours occurs in about 20% of patients who receive recanalization by rt-PA. In addition, the administration of anticoagulants within 24 hours after IV rt-PA increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage; therefore, treatment with anticoagulants is contraindicated in this population. To address the need for an approach to sustain the effects of thrombolysis prevent blood vessel reocclusion without the use of anticoagulants, this study proposes a novel method using a low-intensity ultrasound (US) irradiation. An in vitro thrombus-growth model, in a latex rubber container was developed to study the effect of thrombus-growth suppression by US irradiation at 500 kHz in a 37°C water bath. The US acoustic intensity was set at or below 0.72 W/cm2, which is the maximum allowed for noninvasive acoustic irradiation. Low-intensity US irradiation of the thrombus-growth model resulted in a remarkable suppression of thrombus growth (100.22 ± 10.1 mg vs. 50.22 ± 5.3 mg, p < 0.0001), and the clot-growth inhibition depended logarithmically on acoustic intensity. Thrombus growth can be suppressed by low-intensity US irradiation, opening a new way to combat vascular reocclusion after rt-PA treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

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© 2022 International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
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