To enhance social acceptance of road pricing policy, a parking deposit system (PDS) has been proposed in Japan to replace conventional congestion charging scheme. In the PDS, a full or partial of entry toll to the charging area is refunded to drivers who use parking facilities and/or have a business within the charged area. This paper investigates how the PDS affects travel mode choice behavior in Hanoi, which has been suffering from road congestion for years. Since the PDS has not been implemented in practice, a stated preference survey was conducted in 2013 and 932 SP cards from 233 persons were collected. To reflect the influence of heterogeneous responses of different persons, a latent-class travel mode choice model was estimated. Model estimation results confirm that the PDS only has a significant influence on motorcycle drivers.
2015 Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies