e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology
Online ISSN : 1348-0391
Technical Notes
Variable-Temperature Micro-Four-Point Probe Method for Surface Electrical Conductivity Measurements in Ultrahigh Vacuum
Takehiro TanikawaIwao MatsudaRei HobaraShuji Hasegawa
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2003 Volume 1 Pages 50-56

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Abstract

We have developed a ultrahigh-vacuum system for electrical conductivity measurements with high surface sensitivity by using monolithic micro-four-point probe method (probe spacing being ∼ μ m) at temperatures ranging from ∼10 K to 400 K, combined with simultaneous structure analysis by reflection-high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED). This apparatus enables direct measurements of electrical conductivity at the topmost atomic layers on crystal surfaces as a function of temperature. Then, the surface transport properties are unambiguously correlated with surface structures, especially with temperature-induced surface phase transitions. The apparatus including the electrical measurement system is described in detail, together with some typical data from Si(111)-7 × 7 clean surface. [DOI: 10.1380/ejssnt.2003.50]

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