Volume 45 (1996) Issue 4 Pages 299-307
Arthritis was produced in beagles by the immunological reaction to bovine serum albumin (BSA). Dogs immunized with BSA showed the development of delayed type-hypersensitivity response to BSA and the significant increase in the titer of serum anti-BSA antibodies. The development of arthritis and the increase in a number of nucleated cells in synovial fluid were observed by the injection with BSA into the knee joints of immunized dogs. The synovial membrane of BSA-injected joints revealed a remarkable villous hyperplasia of membrane, and an infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells around vessels, resulting in a lymphoid nodule-like formation. The depositions of IgG and C3 on the surface of the synovial membrane were also observed in BSA-injected joints. Histopathological and immunopathological findings indicated that the immune response to BSA in the knee joints could induce a rheumatoid arthritis like chronic synovitis in dogs.