2018 Volume 67 Issue 2 Pages 147-153
Volatile anesthetics accelerate dopamine turnover in the brain, especially when used in conjunction with psychotropic agents such as methamphetamine and nomifensine. The effect of intravenous propofol anesthesia on the extracellular dopamine concentrations is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two anesthetics on the extracellular concentrations of dopamine and metabolites using an in vivo microdialysis model. Male Sprague Dawley rats were implanted with a microdialysis probe into the right striatum. The probe was perfused with modified Ringer’s solution, and the dialysate was directly injected into a high-performance liquid chromatography system every 20 min. The rats were intraperitoneally administered saline, methamphetamine at 2 mg/kg, or nomifensine at 10 mg/kg. After treatment, the rats were anesthetized with intravenous propofol (20 mg/kg followed by 25 or 50 mg/kg/h) or inhalational sevoflurane (2.5%) for 1 h. Propofol showed no effect on the extracellular concentration of dopamine during anesthesia; however, propofol decreased the dopamine concentration after anesthesia in the high-dose group. Sevoflurane anesthesia increased the concentration of metabolites. Systemic administration of methamphetamine and nomifensine increased the extracellular concentration of dopamine. Sevoflurane anesthesia significantly enhanced the increase in the dopamine concentration induced by both methamphetamine and nomifensine, whereas propofol anesthesia showed no effect on the methamphetamine- and nomifensine-induced dopamine increase during anesthesia. The enhancing effect of psychotropic agent-induced acceleration of dopamine turnover was smaller for propofol anesthesia than for sevoflurane anesthesia.