2019 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 103-111
Multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis (MCTO) is a condition involving progressive osteolysis of the carpal and tarsal bones that is associated with glomerular sclerosis and renal failure (MCTO nephropathy). Previous work identified an autosomal dominant missense mutation in the transactivation domain of the transcription factor MAFB as the cause of MCTO. Several methods are currently used for MCTO nephropathy treatment, but these methods are invasive and lead to severe side effects, limiting their use. Therefore, the development of alternative treatments for MCTO nephropathy is required; however, the pathogenesis of MCTO in vivo is unclear without access to a mouse model. Here, we report the generation of an MCTO mouse model using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. These mice exhibit nephropathy symptoms that are similar to those observed in MCTO patients. MafbMCTO/MCTO mice show developmental defects in body weight from postnatal day 0, which persist as they age. They also exhibit high urine albumin creatinine levels from a young age, mimicking the nephropathic symptoms of MCTO patients. Characteristics of glomerular sclerosis reported in human patients are also observed, such as histological evidence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), podocyte foot process microvillus transformation and podocyte foot process effacement. Therefore, this study contributes to the development of an alternative treatment for MCTO nephropathy by providing a viable mouse model.