Experimental Animals
Online ISSN : 1881-7122
Print ISSN : 1341-1357
ISSN-L : 0007-5124
Original
A C1976Y missense mutation in the mouse Ip3r1 gene leads to short-term mydriasis and unfolded protein response in the iris constrictor muscles
Bing ChenChong-Yang QiLi ChenMeng-Jun DaiYa-You MiaoRui ChenWan-E WeiShun YangHong-Ling WangXiao-Ge DuanMin-Wei GongYi WangZheng-Feng Xue
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2020 Volume 69 Issue 1 Pages 45-53

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Abstract

Ip3r1 encodes an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-responsive calcium channel. Mutations in the IP3R1 gene in humans may cause Gillespie syndrome (GS) typically presents as fixed dilated pupils in affected infants, which was referred to as iris hypoplasia. However, there is no report of mice with Ip3r1 heterozygous mutations showing dilated pupils. Here, we report a new Ip3r1 allele with short-term dilated pupil phenotype derived from an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis screen. This allele carries a G5927A transition mutation in Ip3r1 gene (NM_010585), which is predicted to result in a C1976Y amino acid change in the open reading frame of IP3R1 (NP_034715). We named this novel Ip3r1 allele Ip3r1C1976Y. Histology and pharmacological tests show that the dilated pupil phenotype is a mydriasis caused by the functional defect in the iris constrictor muscles in Ip3r1C1976Y. The dilated pupil phenotype in Ip3r1C1976Y was referred to as mydriasis and excluding iris hypoplasia. IHC analysis revealed increased expression of BIP protein, the master regulator of unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling, in Ip3r1C1976Y mice that did not recover. This study is the first report of an Ip3r1 mutation being associated with the mydriasis phenotype. Ip3r1C1976Y mice represent a self-healing model that may be used to study the therapeutic approach for Ip3r1-related diseases.

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© 2020 Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science
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