2020 Volume 69 Issue 2 Pages 127-134
To investigate substances related to insulin secretion, we reported a convenient experimental method to reproduce insulin secretion from isolated rat pancreas preparations using an organ bath. While the method has experimental utility for investigating insulin secretion, optimization of the experimental design is still needed. The level of insulin outflow in the control decreased over time in our previous study. Decreasing serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels is also known to be shown in patients with worsening glycemic control. There is one in vitro report demonstrated that 1,5-AG induced insulin release. It appears that discussion needs to be deepened further on it. In this study, we investigated the effect of 1,5-AG on insulin secretion through to optimize the condition of endocrine function using the ex vivo organ bath technique. The level of insulin outflow in the control and 1,5-AG groups decreased over time in the organ bath experiment. To analyze the effect of trypsin on reduced insulin secretion, pancreas preparation was treated with soybean trypsin inhibitor (TI). Insulin outflow levels of the TI group were significantly higher than the control group. An enzyme indicator of tissue damage tended to be lower in the TI group. There was no significant enhancement of insulin secretion by 1,5-AG. The present study demonstrated the utility of TI application for the organ bath technique. This finding supported the development of an organ bath technique for the assessment of the effects of novel therapeutics on insulin secretion.