Experimental Animals
Online ISSN : 1881-7122
Print ISSN : 1341-1357
ISSN-L : 0007-5124
CCR2 antagonist attenuates calcium oxalate-induced kidney oxidative stress and inflammation by regulating macrophage activation
Xinpeng WangLinguo XieChunyu Liu
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2024 Volume 73 Issue 2 Pages 211-222


C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) is a monocyte chemokine associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Kidney stones (KS) are composed of calcium oxalate (CaOx), which trigger renal oxidative stress and inflammatory. This study aims to evaluate the effects of CCR2 on KS in vivo and in vitro. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were intraperitoneally injected with glyoxylate (GOX) daily to establish a KS model, and along with CCR2 antagonist (INCB3344) treatment on days 2, 4, and 6. The results showed that CCR2 antagonist reduced renal injury markers (blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine), alleviated renal tubular injury and CaOx crystal deposition. CCR2 antagonist also decreased CCR2 expression induced by GOX treatment and increased Nrf2 expression. GOX treatment promoted malondialdehyde (MDA) production, decreased glutathione (GSH) content, and inhibited catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, however, CCR2 antagonist attenuated the above effects of GOX. CCR2 antagonist had inhibitory effects on GOX-induced inflammatory cytokine expression (IL1B, IL6 and MCP1), and inhibited apoptosis by increasing Bcl-2 expression and decreasing Bax and cleaved-caspase 3 expression. In vitro experiments were performed by co-culture model of CaOx-induced damaged HK-2 cells and macrophage-like THP-1 cells. CCR2 antagonist inhibited CaOx-induced THP-1 cell M1 polarization by decreasing the TNF-α, IL6 and iNOS levels, and further alleviated CaOx-induced oxidative stress damage, inflammatory response and apoptosis of HK-2 cells. The study suggests that CCR2 antagonist may be resistant to CaOx crystals-induced oxidative stress and inflammation by inhibiting macrophage M1 polarization.

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© 2024 Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science

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