Fujita Medical Journal
Online ISSN : 2189-7255
Print ISSN : 2189-7247
ISSN-L : 2189-7247

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Factors influencing early obliteration during flow diverter treatment of cerebral aneurysms: Establishment of an early obliteration inhibition score
Akiko HasebeIchiro NakaharaShoji MatsumotoJun MoriokaJun TanabeSadayoshi WatanabeKenichiro SuyamaTakuma IshiharaYuichi Hirose
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 2022-033


Objective: This retrospective study aimed to investigate factors associated with inhibition of early aneurysm obliteration after flow diverter (FD) treatment. We also created the early obliteration inhibition (EOI) score for pre-operative evaluation.

Methods: We examined 110 cerebral aneurysms in 104 patients who underwent FD treatment. The following parameters were investigated: age, sex, symptoms, aneurysm location and type, maximum aneurysm diameter, parent vessel diameter, neck diameter, and dome–neck ratio. We also noted aneurysm location relative to the curvature of the parent artery and any branches arising from the aneurysm dome. Procedural factors such as FD diameter and length, number of FDs placed, type of FD, and use of adjunctive coiling were also investigated. Aneurysm obliteration was evaluated using digital subtraction angiography 3 months after the procedure. Adequate obliteration was defined as grade C or D on the O’Kelly–Marotta scale.

Results: The following factors inhibited early obliteration: 1) extradural location, 2) saccular aneurysm, 3) aneurysm neck located at the outer convexity of the parent artery, and 4) arterial branch arising from the aneurysm dome. Odds ratios were used to create an EOI score. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off EOI score for adequate obliteration was 1.5 (area under the curve, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.73–0.9; sensitivity, 0.9; specificity, 0.57).

Conclusion: The EOI score, which is based on factors that inhibit early obliteration, may predict early treatment outcomes of FD placement.

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