GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL
Online ISSN : 1880-5973
Print ISSN : 0016-7002
ISSN-L : 0016-7002
Special Issue: Front Edge of Submarine Mineral Resources Research in Japan
Rare-earth, major, and trace element geochemistry of deep-sea sediments in the Indian Ocean: Implications for the potential distribution of REY-rich mud in the Indian Ocean
Kazutaka YasukawaKentaro NakamuraKoichiro FujinagaShiki MachidaJunichiro OhtaYutaro TakayaYasuhiro Kato
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2015 Volume 49 Issue 6 Pages 621-635

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Abstract

We analyzed 1338 deep-sea sediment samples from 19 Deep Sea Drilling Project/Ocean Drilling Program sites covering a large portion of the Indian Ocean, and constructed a new and comprehensive data set of their bulk chemical compositions, including rare-earth, major, and trace elements. The bulk-sediment rare-earth and yttrium (REY) composition of the REY-enriched samples, characterized by relatively small negative Ce anomalies, almost no Y anomalies, and enrichment in heavy rare-earth elements, can be interpreted as the superposition of the REY compositions of apatite and hydrogenous Fe-Mn oxides. Although the hydrothermal component is a key factor in the formation of REY-rich mud in the Pacific Ocean, it is less important in the Indian Ocean, probably because there is less hydrothermal input of Fe-oxyhydroxides from seafloor hydrothermal vents there. The relationships among Fe2O3, MnO, P2O5, Co, and total REY contents suggest that a primary factor controlling REY enrichment in deep-sea sediments is the sedimentation rate. A low sedimentation rate allows both fish debris apatite and hydrogenous Fe-Mn (oxyhydr)oxides to accumulate in the surface sediments. On the basis of these results, we identified two potential areas in the Indian Ocean where REY-rich mud may be present in surface sediments: the south-southeastern Wharton Basin and the southern Central Indian Ocean Basin. The resource potential of the latter area might be particularly high if the distributions of REY-rich mud and Fe-Mn nodule fields broadly overlap.

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© 2015 by The Geochemical Society of Japan
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