1990 Volume 63 Issue 1 Pages 17-24
This paper aims to analyze the status of Tokyo in Japan, through analysis of the city's management function, particularly its high-order urban function in the realms of economic management.
A singular characteristic of Tokyo is the concentration of corporate headquarters, which is greater than in any other city and in any other region. Since the function of corporate headquarters is one of the easiest means of grasping urban characteristics, this study analyzes the headquarters locations of large private enterprises to describe the status of Tokyo.
In Japan, the concentration of corporate headquarters in Tokyo was greatest in 1985 at 45.3% of the total. This concentration has always existed from the earliest times and continues strongly to the present day. It also necessarily leads to the relatively low concentration in second ranked Osaka, and the trend is likely to continue.
The concentration is all the more pronounced in the case of foreign affiliated companies, and results in a significant difference in quality between Tokyo and other cities.