2017 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 19-22
In this study, 143 elderly people requiring nursing care were enrolled in order to investigate the main factors affecting the 50 m round walking test. Our methodology included analysis of the relationships between upper/lower limb strength, the30second chair stand test (CS-30),the functional reach test (FRT), the one-leg standing test, and the 50 m round walking test. The main factors showing significant correlation with the 50 m round walking test in order of descending correlation coefficients were: CS-30 (r=0.48),FRT (r=0.40),quadriceps strength (r=0.23), one-leg standing test (r=0.20), and grip strength (r=0.17).Based on the results of a stepwise multiple regression analysis, CS-30 (β=0.39) and FRT (β=0.28) were selected as the main factors affecting the 50 m round walking test. The abovementioned results suggest that muscular endurance and dynamic balance exert a greater impact on the 50 m round walking test than upper/lower limb strength and static balance.