2017 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 57-62
This study examined elderly community residentsʼphysical functions, exercise behavior, and activities of daily living. Based on their exercise behavior, they were divided into 3 groups: <precontemplation/contemplation>(16.1%), <preparation>(15.7%), and <action/maintenance>(68.3%), to compare physical functions and activities of daily living among them. The <preparation for action> group showed markedly poorer scores in the CS-30, TUG, and 5-m walk (at the maximum velocity) tests than the <action/maintenance> group, while there were no significant differences between the latter and <precontemplation/contemplation> group. <Preparation> group members may have become aware of their declined physical functions during activities of daily living, consequently shifting their stage of behavioral change from <precontemplation/contemplation> to <preparation>. In contrast, <precontemplation/contemplation> group members may have been less motivated to perform exercise activities due to a lack of awareness of their declined physical functions, preventing such a shift. Based on this, the stage of change for exercise behavior may be shifted independently of physical functions.