IEEJ Transactions on Power and Energy
Online ISSN : 1348-8147
Print ISSN : 0385-4213
ISSN-L : 0385-4213
Special Issue Paper
Seasonal Variation of Frequency of High Current Lightning Discharges Observed by JLDN
Mikihisa SaitoMasaru IshiiFumiyuki FujiiMichihiro Matsui
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2012 Volume 132 Issue 6 Pages 536-541

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Abstract

Seasonal variations of number of high current lightning discharges exceeding 100kA observed by JLDN (Japanese Lightning Detection Network) were analyzed. The months with averaged altitudes of -10°C level higher than 5.7km are classified as ordinary summer from the viewpoint of lightning activity. Meanwhile, on the coast of the Sea of Japan, more than 90% of negative high current lightning discharges were -GC (Ground to Cloud) strokes in the months when monthly averaged altitudes of -10°C level are lower than 2.7km. These months are classified as the winter lightning season when upward lightning flashes frequently occur. Months other than winter or summer are classified as spring or autumn. In these seasons, the proportions of positive high current lightning discharges are higher than those of negative discharges like winter. Thus, the charge structure in the thunderclouds of spring and autumn may be similar to that in winter, and high current lightning strokes tend to occur. Since this variation of seasons is different in each area of Japan, relation of seasons, areas, and densities of high current lightning discharges were analyzed.

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© 2012 by the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan
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