Volume 48 (2007) Issue 1 Pages 57-67
The aim of this preliminary, prospective, randomized study was to compare rotation thromboelastography (roTEG) results and D-dimer levels in off-pump versus on-pump coronary surgery in order to identify the activation of fibrinolysis.
Twenty patients scheduled for coronary bypass grafting were assessed (off-pump group A, n = 10; on-pump group B, n = 10). Blood samples for roTEG examination were taken preoperatively (t0), 15 minutes after sternotomy (t1), on the completion of peripheral bypass anastomoses (t2), and at the end of procedures (t3). The time points for D-dimer levels analyses were before operation, at the end of procedures, and 24 hours later.
A certain degree of roTEG signs of fibrinolysis was noticed at time t2 in both groups and in group B these marks were quite widely, but not significantly expressed (P for intergroup differences for Lysis on Set Time at 60 and 150 minutes were P = 0.190 and P = 0.122, respectively), borderline differences were found for Maximum Clot Firmness (P = 0.082) with a lower mean value for group B (arithmetic means [95% confidence intervals] - 57.7 [54.2; 61.2] mm). Completely expressed roTEG signs of hyperfibrinolysis were observed in 2 patients from group B. In group B also the highest geometric means of D-dimers (1326.0 [943.5; 1863.6] ng mL-1) and thus a dramatic intergroup difference (P < 0.001) were observed at the end of surgery; 24 hours later the significantly elevated D-dimer levels in both groups (A: 1070.0 [723.5; 1582.6] versus B: 1093.3 [732.0; 1632.9] ng mL-1) were equalized (P = 0.932).
Our roTEG results display a slightly greater, but fairly subtle activation of fibrinolysis during the course of cardiopulmonary bypass, compared to off-pump cardiac surgery.