International Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1349-3299
Print ISSN : 1349-2365
ISSN-L : 1349-2365
Current issue
Displaying 1-31 of 31 articles from this issue
Editorial
  • Just a Surrogate Marker or a Therapeutic Target in Patients with ACS, Still a Matter of Debate
    Koki Nakanishi, Hiroyuki Morita
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 423-425
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (129K)
Clinical Studies
  • Masato Furui, Pau Kiew Kong, Paneer Selvam Krishna Moorthy, Chong Kee ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 426-432
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a well-known risk factor for sternal wound infections (SWIs). However, SWIs are also known to occur in patients without DM. This study aimed to examine the difference in risk factors for SWIs after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between non-diabetic and diabetic patients.

    We conducted a retrospective observational study including 6,697 patients who underwent CABG at our hospital from 2015-2018. The patients were assigned to the non-diabetic (group N, n = 2,930) or diabetic (group D, n = 3,767) group. A total of 24 potential risk factors were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Differences between superficial and deep SWIs were also examined.

    A total of 209 (3.1%) CABG patients, comprising 47 (22.5%) and 162 (77.5%) in groups N and D, respectively, required surgical treatment for SWIs. Univariate analyses indicated that a body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2 was uniquely associated with superficial SWIs in group N. Moreover, married status may have lowered the risk of deep SWIs in group D. Renal failure, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use, and reopening in group N, as well as female sex, emergency admission, and reopening in group D, were independent predictors of SWI in the multivariate analysis.

    In this study, reopening was a common risk factor associated with SWIs in patients who underwent CABG with and without DM. Female sex and emergency admission were independent predictors of deep SWIs in patients with DM, whereas renal failure and IABP use were independent predictors of deep SWIs in patients without DM.

    Download PDF (178K)
  • Masato Furui, Yoshihiko Sakurai, Bunpachi Kakii, Mai Asanuma, Hiroaki ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 433-440
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The timing of surgery for ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. This study investigated the benefits and risks of delayed surgery for post-AMI VSR and examined differences in echocardiographic findings between early and delay groups.

    A total of 38 consecutive patients with post-AMI VSR who underwent surgery at our hospital between May 2003 and November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Our strategy was to delay surgery until 2 weeks after AMI. If patients demonstrated organ dysfunction, we considered early surgery. Patients were divided into early (n = 20; 53%) and delay (n = 18; 47%) groups. Risks and benefits were investigated based on echocardiographic findings during the waiting period. The delay group had more preoperative intravenous catheter infections (P = 0.008) but fewer reoperations (P = 0.02) and lower operative mortality (P = 0.04) than the early group. The VSR defect diameter and total pulmonary blood flow to total systemic blood flow (Qp/Qs) increased in both groups while waiting. Nevertheless, the early group had a significantly higher Qp/Qs change rate than the delay group (P = 0.05). The 30 day and hospital mortality rates were 5.3% and 13.2%, respectively.

    The VSR defect diameter and Qp/Qs in both groups increased with time and can therefore become risk factors. Nonetheless, the benefit of waiting exceeded the risk because our outcomes were better than those previously reported.

    Download PDF (335K)
  • Yanyan Li, Zhiyong Zhang, Jie Gao, Chuang Li, Kuibao Li, Pixiong Su, L ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 441-446
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    One-stop hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is a promising revascularization strategy for treating multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD). However, its safety and feasibility remain controversial. Therefore, we introduced our experience with midterm follow-up of HCR in patients with MVCAD and compared it with conventional off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

    Patients with MVCAD undergoing one-stop HCR at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital between March 2018 and December 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. These patients were matched in a 1:2 ratio to patients treated with off-pump CABG at the same period via a propensity score analysis with the nearest neighbor matching algorithm.

    In the adjusted analysis, no significant difference was found in the rate of perioperative myocardial infarction, stroke, death, prolonged ventilation, reoperation for bleeding, and renal failure between the HCR group and the CABG group. No in-hospital repeated revascularization occurred in either group. HCR was associated with lower blood transfusion rate (HCR 11.0% versus CABG 22.8%; P = 0.006) and shorter postoperative length of stay (> 10 days: 31.5% versus 81.0%; P < 0.001) compared with CABG. After the median 21-month follow-up, no significant difference was found in the major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), death, myocardial infarction, repeated revascularization, and stroke rate. Besides, the freedom-from MACCE survival rate was similar between the two groups.

    One-stop HCR seemed to be a safe and feasible revascularization strategy in patients with MVCAD, with faster recovery and similar outcomes when compared with off-pump CABG.

    Download PDF (165K)
  • Takuya Nakahashi, Hayato Tada, Kenji Sakata, Taiji Yoshida, Yoshihiro ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 447-453
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    This study aims to explore the associations between uric acid (UA) and long-term outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total of 1068 consecutive patients with ACS who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the levels of serum UA upon admission (bottom quintile, middle 3 quintiles, and top quintile). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. The patients in the higher UA groups were associated with younger age (71 ± 11 versus 68 ± 12 versus 67 ± 14 years; P < 0.05) and were more likely to be male (57.6 versus 76.9 versus 84.7%; P < 0.001). Furthermore, these patients had lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (83 ± 27 versus 74 ± 23 versus 59 ± 24 mL/minute/1.73 m2; P < 0.001) and lower left ventricular ejection fractions (58 ± 14 versus 57 ± 14 versus 53 ± 15%; P < 0.001). During the median 4-year follow-up, there were 158 incidents of all-cause death. Patients in the top quintile, followed by patients in the bottom quintile, had greater all-cause mortality compared with patients in the middle quintile (16.5 versus 11.4 versus 23.8%; P < 0.001). When the middle of the 3 quintiles was assigned as the reference group, the adjusted hazard ratios for all-cause mortality for the top and bottom quintiles were 1.72 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16-2.53, P < 0.05) and 1.57 (95% CI 1.03-2.36, P < 0.05), respectively. These results demonstrate that UA levels upon admission in patients with ACS who underwent PCI exhibited a 'J-shaped' association with all-cause mortality.

    Editor's pick

    Download PDF (490K)
  • Jing Wang, Ling Xie, Xiangfan Chen, Ping Lyu, Qing Zhang
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 454-458
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Laminin is a major component of the basement membrane of cardiomyocytes and has been found at a high level in patients with heart failure. However, detailed information on the relationship between disease management and progression in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) remains lacking. We focused on the levels of laminin (LN) before and after admission to the hospital in AHF patients. One hundred twelve AHF patients who were hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital 2 of Nantong University from January 2020 to February 2021 were selected as the main subjects of the study. The control group consisted of 137 hospitalized patients in New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes I-II during the same time period. Serum laminin levels were measured at baseline in all patients. Besides, laminin levels of AHF patients were measured again 1 week after admission. The serum laminin levels at admission were significantly higher in AHF patients than those in the patients of NYHA classes I-II [73.79 (41.04, 129.75) ng/mL versus 27.98 (20.75, 37.49) ng/mL, respectively, P < 0.001]. After 1 week of treatment, laminin levels in AHF patients were 41.56 (27.92, 78.67) ng/mL, which was significantly lower than before treatment (Z = −6.357, P < 0.001). Bivariate linear correlation analysis showed that LN was associated with NT-proBNP both in the acute phase and after treatment. Laminin levels were significantly higher in AHF patients who had atrial fibrillation (AF) than in those without AF. As a result, we speculated that laminin reflected improved heart function and the occurrence of myocardial fibrosis.

    Download PDF (117K)
  • Yusuke Mizuno, Kenichi Sakakura, Hiroyuki Jinnouchi, Yousuke Taniguchi ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 459-465
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is more frequently observed in true bifurcation lesions such as Medina (1,1,1) and (0,1,1). The aim of this study is to compare the incidence of PMI in elective PCI between Medina (1,1,1) and (0,1,1) bifurcation lesions. This was a retrospective, single-center study. We included 162 true bifurcation lesions, which were divided into the (1,1,1) group (n = 85) and the (0,1,1) group (n = 77). We compared the incidence of PMI between the two groups and performed multivariate logistic regression analysis using PMI as a dependent variable. The incidence of PMI was similar in the (1,1,1) group and the (0,1,1) group (12.9% versus 15.6%, P = 0.658). The final TIMI flow grade of the side branches and that of the main branches were also similar in the two groups. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, Medina classification (1,1,1) was not associated with PMI (odds ratio (OR), 0.996; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.379-2.621; P = 0.994), but the angle of the side branch < 45° (OR, 3.569; 95% CI, 1.320-9.654; P = 0.012), lesion length in a main vessel (per 10-mm increase) (OR, 1.508; 95% CI, 1.104-2.060; P = 0.010), and absence of side branch protection (OR, 3.034; 95% CI, 1.095-8.409; P = 0.033) were significantly associated with PMI. In conclusion, the Medina (1,1,1) bifurcation lesions did not increase the incidence of PMI as compared to Medina (0,1,1). However, the narrow side branch angle, diffuse long lesion, and absence of side branch protection were significantly associated with PMI. We should pay attention to these high-risk features in the treatment of true bifurcation lesions.

    Download PDF (150K)
  • An Analysis in Patients and Operators
    Yuichiro Jin, Daiki Yaegashi, Lin Shi, Mari Ishida, Chiemi Sakai, Tets ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 466-475
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Almost 40% of medical radiation exposure is related to cardiac imaging or intervention. However, the biological effects of low-dose radiation from medical imaging remain largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ionized radiation from cardiac catheterization on genomic DNA integrity and inflammatory cytokines in patients and operators.

    Peripheral mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated from patients (n = 51) and operators (n = 35) before and after coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention. The expression of γH2AX, a marker for DNA double-strand breaks, was measured by immunofluorescence. Dicentric chromosomes (DICs), a form of chromosome aberrations, were assayed using a fluorescent in situ hybridization technique.

    In the patient MNCs, the numbers of γH2AX foci and DICs increased after cardiac catheterization by 4.5 ± 9.4-fold and 71 ± 122%, respectively (P < 0.05 for both). The mRNA expressions of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, leukemia inhibitory factor, and caspase-1 were significantly increased by radiation exposure from cardiac catheterization. The increase in IL-1β was significantly correlated with that of γH2AX, but not with the dose area product. In the operators, neither γH2AX foci nor the DIC level was changed, but IL-1β mRNA was significantly increased. The protein expression of IκBα was significantly decreased in both groups.

    DNA damage was increased in the MNCs of patients, but not of operators, who underwent cardiac catheterization. Inflammatory cytokines were increased in both the patients and operators, presumably through NF-κB activation. Further efforts to reduce radiation exposure from cardiac catheterization are necessary for both patients and operators.

    Download PDF (547K)
  • Yasuhiro Ikami, Daisuke Izumi, Yuki Hasegawa, Naomasa Suzuki, Yuta Sak ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 476-485
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) are serum autoantibodies specific to primary biliary cholangitis and are linked to myopathy and myocardial damage; however, the presence of AMA as a risk factor for ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) has remained unknown. This study aimed to elucidate whether the presence of AMA-related noncardiac diseases indicates VTs risk.

    This cohort study enrolled 1,613 patients (883 females) who underwent AMA testing to assess noncardiac diseases. The incidence of VTs and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVTs) from a year before the AMA testing to the last visit of the follow-up were retrospectively investigated as primary and secondary objectives. Using propensity score matching, we extracted AMA-negative patients whose covariates were matched to those of 152 AMA-positive patients. In this propensity score-matched cohort, the incidence of VTs and SVTs in the AMA-positive patients were compared with that in AMA-negative patients.

    The AMA-positive patients had higher estimated cumulative incidence (log-rank, P = 0.013) and prevalence (5.9% versus 0.7%, P = 0.020) of VTs than the AMA-negative patients. The presence of AMA was an independent risk factor for VTs (hazard ratio, 4.02; 95% CI, 1.44-20.01; P = 0.005). Meanwhile, AMA were associated with atrial flutter and atrial tachycardia development. In AMA-positive patients, VTs were associated with male sex, underlying myopathy, high creatine kinase levels, presence of chronic heart failure or ischemic heart disease, left ventricular dysfunction, presence of SVTs, and the electrocardiographic parameters indicating atrial disorders.

    The presence of AMA-related noncardiac diseases is an independent risk factor for VTs.

    Download PDF (576K)
  • Takumi J Matsubara, Katsuhito Fujiu, Satoshi Kodera, Kunihiro Kani, Ko ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 486-491
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Asymptomatic or silent atrial fibrillation (AF) has long been a clinical problem due to the incidence of ischemic stroke. A method is needed to predict the development of silent AF before the occurrence of ischemic stroke. This study was focused on the symptoms of AF, especially palpitation, in pacemaker patients. We assessed the hypothesis that absence of palpitation during rapid ventricular pacing could be a predictor of future onset AF being asymptomatic.

    In this study, we assessed the presence of symptoms during RV pacing and AF symptoms on 145 pacemaker patients at the outpatient clinic by VVI pacing at 120 ppm. The relationship between symptoms during RV pacing and symptom during AF was assessed. The predictive value of absence of symptom during RV pacing on AF being asymptomatic was assessed.

    Of 145 patients, 74 had previous AF episode. Among the AF patients, absence of symptom during VVI pacing was associated with AF being asymptomatic.

    Of 145 patients, 71 had no previous AF events. There were 14 patients who had new-onset AF or atrial flutter (AFL) after the device implantation. Four of the 14 patients (28.6%) were symptomatic during first AF/AFL episode, and 10 (71.4%) were asymptomatic during first-onset AF. All ten patients who were asymptomatic during cardiac pacing test were asymptomatic during their initial episodes of AF as well.

    This study showed that absence of symptoms during rapid ventricular pacing was associated with first-onset AF being asymptomatic.

    Download PDF (202K)
  • Three-Year Outcome
    Beidi Lan, Gesheng Cheng, Yuan Bai, Yajuan Du, Xuegang Xie, Yuying Ma, ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 492-497
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent in patients with mitral stenosis (MS), but the efficacy of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) in these patients remains unclear.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of LAAO in patients with MS complicated by AF at high risk of bleeding.

    We recruited patients from September 2015 to September 2018. We compared the 3-year outcomes of LAAO in 21 patients with AF complicated by MS and 42 sex- and age-matched patients with AF without MS.

    The MS group had more cases of peripheral arterial embolism (28.6% versus 2.4%, P = 0.004), more spontaneous echo contrast (47.6% versus 9.5%, P = 0.001), a larger LAA orifice diameter (P < 0.01), and a slower LAA flow (P < 0.05) than the Non-MS group. The mean size of the selected occluder device was bigger for patients with MS than for patients with Non-MS (29.2 ± 3.7 versus 26.9 ± 3.1 mm, P = 0.014). In the first 45 follow-up days, 2 (9.5%) patients with MS had device-related thrombi (DRT); one of them had transient ischemic attack 24 hours postoperatively. From 45 days to 6 months, one patient in each group had DRT. After 6 months, two patients in the Non-MS group still had residual leaks; one of them had a stroke, with a small DRT. The proportion of dual antiplatelet therapy was higher in the Non-MS group than in the MS group (33.3% versus 4.8%, P = 0.012), but this population had an increased bleeding risk.

    LAAO is relatively effective and safe for preventing embolic events in patients with MS complicated by AF, at high risk of bleeding.

    Download PDF (110K)
  • Yasunobu Yamagishi, Yasushi Oginosawa, Yoshihisa Fujino, Keishiro Yagy ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 498-503
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    In terms of the pulmonary vein (PV), atrial fibrillation (AF) patients have a shorter effective refractory period (ERP) than those without AF and a large dispersion of the ERP. Although the frequency of AF from the superior vena cava (SVC) was the highest among non-PV foci, the characteristics of the ERP in the SVC (SVC-ERP) were unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between SVC-ERP and the inducibility of AF after PV isolation (PVI).

    Consecutive 28 patients who underwent PVI were included. After successful PVI, the SVC-ERP was measured at three positions in SVC. Rapid electrical stimuli were delivered at the shortest SVC-ERP to induce AF. Patients in whom AF was induced were assigned to the SVC-induced group (SIG), and the remaining patients were the non-SVC-induced group (non-SIG). The size of the SVC sleeve was evaluated via three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping.

    The SIG had a significantly shorter average SVC-ERP (236.0 ± 25.2 versus 294.8 ± 36.8 ms, P < 0.001), whereas SVC-ERP dispersion was not significantly different (30.0 ± 25.4 versus 33.3 ± 20.1 ms, P = 0.56). Although the longer SVC diameter was significantly longer in the SIG (27.4 ± 4.3 versus 22.9 ± 4.6 mm, P = 0.03), the SVC-ERP was significantly associated with pacing inducibility of AF after adjustment for the longer SVC diameter (odds ratio: 0.96 [1 ms increments], P = 0.01).

    The SIG had a shorter SVC-ERP, whereas the dispersion was not significantly different between the two groups. The SVC-ERP can be one of the mechanisms of arrhythmogenicity for AF originating from the SVC.

    Download PDF (473K)
  • Temperature-Controlled Catheter Ablation of the Pulmonary Veins Using the Novel DiamondTemp Ablation System
    Laura Rottner, Fabian Moser, Julia Moser, Ruben Schleberger, Marc Lemo ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 504-509
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) by continuous, transmural and durable lesions is decisive for ensuring long-term freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF). AF ablation requires irrigated tip catheters to reduce thromboembolic complications. This precluded temperature-controlled delivery of radiofrequency (RF) energy.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility, acute efficacy, and safety of an irrigated, temperature-controlled ablation catheter [DiamondTemp™ (DT) Medtronic®] for PVI.

    Consecutive patients with AF underwent PVI using the DT catheter combined with high-power short-duration RF applications. Ablation settings were (1) a catheter tip temperature limit of 60°C, (2) a temperature-controlled power of 50 W, and (3) application duration of 10 seconds. The primary endpoint was acute isolation of PVs, reassessed after a 30-minute waiting period. Secondary endpoints included procedural parameters (defined as a catheter tip temperature of 50°C > 3 seconds, an impedance drop of 5-10 Ω) and the occurrence of serious adverse events.

    Fifty consecutive patients [mean age 66 ± 12 years, 38 (76%) women, 24 patients with paroxysmal AF (48%)] were included. Median procedure and left atrial dwell time was 89 [68; 107] and 63 [52; 79] minutes, respectively. Mean number of RF applications was 59 ± 20, and mean total RF duration was 14 ± 6 minutes. Acute PVI was achieved in all patients solely using DT ablation. Acute PV reconnection within the waiting period occurred in five patients; all reconnected PVs were successfully reisolated. One major complication occurred.

    In this study, the DT ablation system demonstrated high acute efficacy for PVI. Temperature-controlled ablation in conjunction with high-power short-duration applications might be effectively supported.

    Download PDF (289K)
  • Wangling Hu, Guanhua Su, Wanyue Zhu, Enqing Zhou, Xinxin Shuai
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 510-516
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Infective endocarditis (IE) is a life-threatening disease with embolisms occurring in 20%-50% of cases. We aimed to evaluate the value of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in predicting embolic events (EEs) in patients with infective endocarditis.

    A total of 186 patients diagnosed with definite IE, who admitted to the Union Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, were retrospectively identified from November 2011 to March 2019.

    The median (interquartile) age of the patients was 46 (32-57) years. Viridans group streptococci were the most common microorganism identified from blood culture (24.7%). The most frequent complication was heart failure (64.2%), followed by EEs (30.2%). Patients complicated with EEs presented a significantly higher SII than those without EEs (1605.38 versus 1039.61, P = 0.001). SII had an area under the curve (AUC) value for EEs of 0.661 (95% CI: 0.575-0.747, P = 0.001), which predicted the presence of EEs with a sensitivity of 42.6% and specificity of 86.3%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that SII (OR = 6.925; 95% CI: 1.035-46.318, P = 0.046) was an independent predictor of EEs in IE patients.

    We demonstrated that a high level of SII is associated with a higher likelihood of EEs. The SII may be a promising predictor for EEs in patients with IE.

    Download PDF (203K)
  • Takako Fujita, Yoko Nakaoka, Satoru Hayashi, Ryu-ichiro Imai, Koji Nis ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 517-523
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Although takotsubo syndrome (TTS) has been reported in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), its incidence and relation to the severity of SAH are unknown.

    Of 319 consecutive patients with aneurysmal SAH, 245 patients who underwent both the ECG and echocardiography were analyzed.

    The incidence of TTS was 6.9% (22 patients (21 women), median age 68 years (range, 60-83) ). Regional wall motion abnormalities were present as apical (64%), mid-ventricular (9%), basal (4%) and focal (23%) forms. Heart failure was found in 10 patients (45%) but there was no cardiac death. Regarding SAH severity, 10 patients (45%) with TTS were in World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies classification grade V, as compared to 40 patients (18%) without TTS (P = 0.005). Seven patients (32%) with TTS died during hospitalization, as compared to 26 patients (12%) without TTS (P = 0.018). Four patients (18%) with TTS were estimated as independent at discharge, as compared to 100 patients (45%) without TTS (P = 0.013).

    The incidence of TTS in patients with SAH was estimated as 6.9% with significant predominance of women. The severity of SAH was significantly greater in patients with TTS than in those without TTS.

    Download PDF (318K)
  • Junlin Zhong, Zhuoshan Huang, Xixiang Tang, Long Peng, Aohua Zhang, Hu ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 524-530
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Chronic inflammation is involved in the development of heart failure (HF) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, reliable and easily accessible biomarker of subclinical left cardiac remodeling and dysfunction remains a challenge.

    Overall, 1020 patients with T2DM without overt HF were enrolled from May 2019 to April 2020. Monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) was calculated by blood monocyte count divided by high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Left cardiac structure and function were assessed using transthoracic echocardiography. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to estimate the association of MHR (Lg transferred) with echocardiographic parameters. We found that septal wall thickness (SWT), left ventricular internal end-diastole dimension (LVIDd), and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) raised with increasing MHR (P = 0.002 for SWT, P < 0.001 for LVIDd, and P = 0.001 for LVMI). Declined trends were shown in ejection fraction (EF) (P = 0.016), E velocity (P = 0.037), E/A ratio (P = 0.009), and tissue Doppler e' (P < 0.001), and elevating trend was observed in E/e' (P < 0.001). In multivariate regression analysis, MHR (Lg transferred) was positively associated with LVIDd (β = 0.031; P = 0.016), LVMI (β = 0.073; P = 0.014), and E/e' (β = 0.331; P < 0.001), whereas it was negatively associated with EF (β = −0.086; P = 0.007), E/A (β = −0.072; P = 0.009), and e' (β = −0.332; P < 0.001).

    MHR could be a practical biomarker for indicating subclinical cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in T2DM, due to low cost and easy availability.

    Download PDF (332K)
  • Toshiro Kitagawa, Fuminari Tatsugami, Kazushi Yokomachi, Yuji Akiyama, ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 531-540
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The evidence for the clinical implications, especially the short-term utility, of native myocardial T1 value (T1native) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) is scant. We investigated the potential of T1native to assess left ventricular (LV) myocardial characteristics and predict 1-year outcomes in patient with NIDCM experiencing recent heart failure (HF).

    Forty-five patients with NIDCM and HF symptoms within 3 months underwent CMR with cine, non-contrast T1 mapping, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). T1native per patient was defined as an averaged T1 value of 5 short-axis slices of base-to-apex LV myocardium. The appearance of LGE was visually examined. T1native correlated with the LV end-diastolic dimension normalized to height (LVEDD) (r = 0.38, P = 0.0103), ejection fraction (r = -0.39, P = 0.009), and serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels (r = 0.48, P = 0.001), whereas the presence and segmental extent of LGE correlated only with LVEDD. In the 1-year follow-up cohort, the optimal cutoffs of T1native for predicting LV reverse remodeling (LVRR) and combined cardiac events (cardiac death, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, heart failure hospitalization) were 1366 ms and 1377 ms, respectively. In multivariate analysis, T1native < 1366 ms and T1native > 1377 ms remained significant predictors of LVRR (odds ratio, 11.3) and cardiac events (hazard ratio, 15.3), respectively, whereas the presence and segmental extent of LGE did not.

    T1native in patients with NIDCM experiencing recent HF may offer a promising strategy for assessing LV myocardial characteristics and predicting 1-year LVRR and cardiac events.

    Download PDF (1802K)
  • Yusuke Uemura, Rei Shibata, Yurie Miyagaki, Kenji Takemoto, Shinji Ish ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 541-549
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Undernutrition is very common among patients with heart failure (HF). This study evaluated the prognostic values of three nutritional risk/screening indices among patients with acute HF. We retrospectively calculated scores for 465 patients with acute HF using the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) tool, the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI), and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF). The outcomes of interest were the 1-year rate of cardiac events (cardiac-related death or HF-related readmission) and the Barthel index as an index of physical function during hospitalization. The CONUT, GNRI, and MNA-SF scores were significantly correlated, although the proportions of a normal nutritional state varied (CONUT: 18.3%, GNRI: 32.9%, and MNA-SF: 43.9%). Kaplan-Meier estimates revealed that cardiac events were more common among patients with undernutrition based on the CONUT score, and multivariable regression analysis revealed that only the CONUT score independently predicted poor outcomes. Furthermore, changes in the Barthel index during hospitalization were significantly correlated with the CONUT score but not with the GNRI and MNA-SF scores. In receiver operating characteristic analyses, the CONUT score had the most powerful predictive values on both the postdischarge incidence of cardiac events and the decline of physical function during hospitalization compared with the GNRI and the MNA-SF. These results indicate that the CONUT score might provide useful information for predicting poor outcomes in patients with acute HF.

    Download PDF (295K)
  • Masaki Nakagaito, Teruhiko Imamura, Shuji Joho, Ryuichi Ushijima, Maki ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 550-557
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i)-incorporated medical therapy is associated with cardiac function improvement in patients with heart failure. However, the factors associated with such an improvement remain unknown.

    This study included patients with heart failure and type 2 diabetes mellitus who received SGLT2i-incorporated medical therapy in our institute. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at baseline and 3-18 months later. The factors associated with cardiac function improvement were investigated.

    A total of 47 patients (median age, 69 years old; 35 men) were included in this study. SGLT2i was administered for median 284 days (range: 86-730 days). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 39.0% to 54.0% (P < 0.001), and the E/e' ratio decreased from 14.0 to 10.4 (P = 0.002). Younger age, higher serum albumin level, and lower serum sodium level were independently associated with an improvement in systolic function, defined as an increase in the ejection fraction of ≥ 35% among patients with systolic heart failure (P = 0.018). Male sex and impaired renal function tended to be associated with an improvement in diastolic function, defined as a decrease in the E/e' ratio of ≥ 20% among the overall cohort.

    Several factors were associated with improvements in systolic and diastolic functions during the SGLT2i-incorporated medical therapy.

    Download PDF (312K)
  • Rumi Shidou, Atsushi Kohjitani, Masaaki Miyata, Kaoru Yamashita, Sachi ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 558-565
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    This study aimed to determine independent factors for developing postoperative hypertension using 4 biomarkers in patients receiving oral and maxillofacial surgery under general anesthesia. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity myocardial troponin T (hs-TnT), and high-sensitivity myocardial troponin I (hs-TnI) were measured and preoperative echocardiograms were examined. Episodes of systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 170 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mmHg within 1 week after surgery were considered postoperative hypertension. We analyzed 213 (130 men; 83 women) patients, who were divided into a postoperative hypertension group (HT group, n = 32) and a normal group (N group, n = 181). The HT group showed a higher LVMI (113.5 versus 100.1), higher E/e' of the lateral wall (9.1 versus 7.7), and higher BNP (39.2 versus 22.9 pg/mL), NT-proBNP (400.1 versus 143.9 pg/mL), and hs-TnT (15.6 versus 10.3 ng/L) concentrations compared to the N group. NT-proBNP and hs-TnT concentrations positively associated with E/e', but BNP and hs-TnI did not. NT-proBNP (AUC = 0.64, cutoff value: 117.0 pg/mL) and hs-TnT (AUC = 0.61, cutoff value: 11.0 ng/L) concentrations were effective for discriminating E/e' ≥ 12. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that risk factors responsible for developing postoperative hypertension were NT-proBNP and hs-TnT using biomarkers and E/e' as independent variables, and NT-proBNP and SBP at admission using biomarkers and SBP at admission as independent variables. These findings suggest that NT-proBNP and hs-TnT concentrations, and SBP at admission, are useful to predict postoperative hypertension after minor to moderate surgery, and that left ventricular filling pressure is a primary factor associated with postoperative hypertension.

    Download PDF (295K)
Experimental Studies
  • Shenjie Sun, Tingting Lv, Siyuan Li, Peng Liu, Yuanwei Liu, Fei She, P ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 566-577
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Telomere length is highly related to cardiovascular diseases. Telomeric zinc finger-associated protein (TZAP) directly binds to telomeric TTAGGG repeats via zinc finger domains and triggers the initiation of the telomere trimming process. However, proteomics analysis of TZAP in cardiomyocytes is slightly unknown. In our study, TZAP was overexpressed by adenovirus transfection in cultured H9c2 cardiomyocytes, and then mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics research strategies, including Gene Ontology analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, subcellular localizations, predicted functional domains, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis, were performed to explore TZAP-induced potential pathogenesis in cardiomyocytes. A total of 184 upregulated and 228 downregulated differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified among identified 5693 quantifiable proteins in TZAP-overexpressed cardiomyocytes. These DEPs were mainly distributed in the nucleus, cytoplasm, and plasma membrane. DEPs were enriched in biological processes including cardiac muscle cell contraction, acute inflammatory response, cell-cell junction assembly, and macromolecule biosynthetic process. They were enriched in 9 KEGG pathways, including Hippo signaling pathway, protein digestion and absorption, and cytokine receptor interaction, and enriched in 17 protein domains, including translation initiation factor 1A/IF-1, class I histocompatibility antigen, and zinc finger. PPI analysis indicated that TZAP interacted with NDUFC2, Gja1, and HDAC2. Further, as proteins closely related to cardiovascular function, the mRNA levels of BRD4, Gja1, HDAC2, MAP2K3, Plakophilin 4, and Syndecan 1 significantly decreased, while Trpm7, clusterin, and NDUFC2 remarkably increased in TZAP-overexpressed cardiomyocytes by RT-PCR assay, which were consistent with the proteomics analysis. Collectively, we provided candidate proteins and enrichment pathways in TZAP-overexpressed cardiomyocytes, which need further investigation.

    Download PDF (1914K)
  • Haibo Du, Lianqin Ding, Tian Zeng, Di Li, Li Liu
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 578-590
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious complication of acute myocardial infarction. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 15 (SNHG15) can regulate I/R-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Here, we investigated the mechanism of SNHG15 activity in I/R-induced cardiomyocyte injury.

    SNHG15, microRNA (miR)-335-3p, and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Cell viability, proliferation, and apoptosis were gauged by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, 5-ethynyl-2´-deoxyuridine (EDU) assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The direct relationship between miR-335-3p and SNHG15 or TLR4 was validated by dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), and RNA pull-down assays.

    SNHG15 was overexpressed in the infarcted area tissues of I/R mice and I/R-stimulated AC16 cells. SNHG15 knockdown alleviated I/R injury in AC16 cells. Mechanistically, SNHG15 directly targeted miR-335-3p, and miR-335-3p was a functional mediator of SNHG15. MiR-335-3p inhibited TLR4 expression by targeting TLR4, and miR-335-3p-mediated inhibition of TLR4 alleviated I/R-induced injury in AC16 cells. Moreover, SNHG15 regulated the TLR4/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway through miR-335-3p.

    Our findings identify a novel mechanism, the miR-335-3p/TLR4/NF-κB pathway, for the regulation of SNHG15 in myocardial I/R injury.

    Download PDF (1642K)
  • Zhong Lan, Tao Wang, Lihong Zhang, Zhizhong Jiang, Xiaoming Zou
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 591-601
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Circular RNAs (circRNAs) act as important regulators in myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to explore the regulatory mechanism of circRNA solute carrier family 8 member A1 antisense RNA 1 (circSLC8A1) in hypoxia-induced myocardial injury.

    Exosomes were isolated by ultracentrifugation and identified by microscopic observation or protein detection. Protein levels were examined by Western blot. CircSLC8A1, microRNA-214-5p (miR-214-5p), and TEA domain transcription factor 1 (TEAD1) levels were determined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry, respectively. Inflammatory cytokines were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Oxidative stress was assessed by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, malondialdehyde (MDA) level, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity through the corresponding detection kits. Target analysis was performed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and pull-down assay.

    Exosomes released circSLC8A1 from hypoxic cardiomyocytes. Exosomal circSLC8A1 exacerbated hypoxia-induced repression of cell viability but promotion of cell apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Knockdown of circSLC8A1 ameliorated hypoxia-mediated cell injury. CircSLC8A1 directly targeted miR-214-5p and miR-214-5p downregulation reverted the effects of si-circSLC8A1 on hypoxia-treated cardiomyocytes. TEAD1 was a target of miR-214-5p and circSLC8A1 upregulated TEAD1 level via targeting miR-214-5p. In addition, miR-214-5p inhibited hypoxia-caused cell injury by downregulating the expression of TEAD1.

    These results suggested that circSLC8A1 aggravated cell damages in hypoxia-treated cardiomyocytes by the regulation of TEAD1 via sponging miR-214-5p.

    Download PDF (1494K)
  • Huanchun Ji, Jingxian Qu, Wei Peng, Long Yang
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 602-611
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Cardiac hypertrophy is a leading risk for heart failure and sudden death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in a variety of human diseases, including cardiac hypertrophy. We aimed to investigate the potential role and functional mechanism of lncRNA metastasis-associated in lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in cardiac hypertrophy. C57BL/6 mice underwent transverse aortic constriction (TAC) to induce cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. The expression of MALAT1, miR-93-5p, and sirtuin 4 (SIRT4) mRNA was detected using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The protein levels of cardiac hypertrophy-related markers, including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), and SIRT4 were measured via western blotting. The putative interaction between miR-93-5p and MALAT1 or SIRT4 was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, or pull-down assay. Consequently, the expression of MALAT1 and SIRT4 was increased in TAC-treated mouse heart and angiotensin II (Ang-II)-induced cardiomyocytes, whereas the expression of miR-93-5p was decreased. Ang-II promoted the expression of ANP, BNP, and β-MHC and the surface area of cardiomyocytes, whereas MALAT1 downregulation impaired their expression and cell area. MiR-93-5p was a target of MALAT1, and its inhibition reversed the effects of MALAT1 downregulation. More importantly, MALAT1 modulated SIRT4 expression by degrading miR-93-5p. The expression of ANP, BNP, and β-MHC suppressed by miR-93-5p restoration was recovered by SIRT4 promotion. Overall, MALAT1 knockdown ameliorated cardiac hypertrophy partly by regulating the miR-93-5p/SIRT4 network, indicating that MALAT1 was a substantial indicator of cardiac hypertrophy.

    Download PDF (1039K)
  • Correlation Analysis Between Phonocardiogram and Right Ventricular Blood Pressure
    Miao Wang, YaTing Hu, BinBin Guo, Hong Tang
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 612-622
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Acoustic cardiography (AC) combined with heart sound (HS) recording and electrocardiogram (ECG) provides a noninvasive and inexpensive way to understand the electrical mechanical activity of the heart. Pulmonary artery stenosis can cause hemodynamic abnormalities that might lead to pulmonary hypertension (PH). In this paper, we examined the relationships between the acoustic characteristics of the AC and hemodynamic changes in a beagle dog model of PH.

    Four healthy beagle dogs were injected with the prostaglandin endoperoxide receptor agonist U-44069 to induce acute PH states. AC was employed to analyze the process of pre-PH, intra-PH, and post-PH. Right ventricular blood pressure (RVBP) was measured via right cardiac catheterization, an invasive method performed in parallel for comparative hemodynamic evaluation. As RVBP increased or decreased, the HS features changed accordingly during acute PH occurrence and development. Right ventricular systolic blood pressure (RVSBP) significantly correlated with the minimum of the first HS (S1) amplitude (correlation coefficient (CC) = −0.82), energy of the S1 (CC = 0.86), energy of the second HS (S2) (CC = 0.67), entropy of the S1 (CC = −0.94), and ratio of electromechanical systolic time (EMST) to the cardiac cycle time (CC = 0.81). The two techniques (AC [HSs and ECG] versus right cardiac catheterization [RVBP]) were significantly correlated. Especially, the diastolic filling time (DFT) had a significant relationship with the right ventricular diastolic time (RVDT) (CC = 0.97), perfusion time (PT) (CC = 0.96), and cardiac cycle time (RR) (CC = 0.96). The CCs between the RVDT and the max dp/dt to min dp/dt, the EMST and the Q to min dp/dt, and the electromechanical activation time and the Q to max dp/dt were 0.95, 0.99, and 0.86, respectively. Furthermore, the logistic regression model with different combinations was used to identify the effective features for monitoring hemodynamic and pathophysiologic conditions.

    AC provided significant insight into mechanical dysfunction in a rapid and noninvasive way that could be used for early screening of PH.

    Download PDF (1136K)
Case Reports
  • Kyoko Unno, Makoto Sano, Yutaro Kaneko, Keitaro Akita, Tomoaki Sakakib ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 623-626
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device is usually scheduled in the compensated phase of heart failure; however, procedural safety may be sometimes disturbed in the decompensated phase. We report a case of a successful semi-urgent implantation of a CRT device temporary assisted with Impella in a patient with the decompensated phase of severe heart failure dependent on inotropic agents and who cannot maintain the supine position. Impella assistance with left ventricular (LV) unloading and maintenance of end-organ perfusion contributed to early recovery from acute heart failure. Furthermore, an acute effect of mechanical resynchronization by biventricular pacing plays an important role in weaning from the mechanical support or inotropic dependence. These mutual effects of mechanical support and CRT might contribute to a decrease in LV end-diastolic pressure and to a remarkable early recovery from a severely decompensated condition.

    Download PDF (421K)
  • A Case Report
    Hiroaki Yamane, Mitsuru Seki, Takahiro Ikeda, Ayumi Matsumoto, Sadahir ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 627-632
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Previous studies have reported that hypothyroidism can lead to sick sinus syndrome (SSS) or other rhythm disturbances. Variants in the alpha subunit of the cardiac sodium channel (SCN5A) are known to be among the genetic causes of SSS. We encountered an adolescent patient with SSS and hypothyroidism who also harbored an SCN5A variant. The patient was a 13-year-old girl who was referred to our hospital because of bradycardia identified during a school electrocardiography screening. Clinical examination revealed severe hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto thyroiditis and SSS. After levothyroxine supplementation, her symptoms of hypothyroidism improved; however, the SSS did not. Genetic testing revealed a heterozygous variant (c.1066 G>A, p.Asp356Asn) in SCN5A. This is the first report of the coexistence of SSS due to an SCN5A variant and severe hypothyroidism in an adolescent patient. While patients with SCN5A variants exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity due to the presence of various modifiers, the presence of severe hypothyroidism may affect the development of SSS. This case highlights the importance of genetic analysis, including testing for SCN5A variants, in patients with hypothyroidism complicated by SSS or cardiac conduction disorders.

    Download PDF (545K)
  • A Case Report
    Satoshi Yanagisawa, Yasuya Inden, Takashi Okajima, Toshifumi Nakagomi, ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 633-638
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    We report the usefulness of novel automated anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) for ventricular tachycardia (VT) termination evaluated in an electrophysiology study. This intrinsic, automated ATP with an implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator successfully terminated the sustained VT, which had not been suppressed by repetitive burst pacing from the electrode catheter. The reproduction of programed pacing of the automated ATP by a right ventricular electrode catheter was effective in terminating VT, and this termination was absolute and reproducible. Further detailed assessment in an electrophysiology study could highlight the algorithm of the automated ATP and its possible benefit in terminating the reentrant VT.

    Download PDF (940K)
  • Masaki Hashimoto, Mitsunobu Kaneko, Masashi Kasao, Kazutaka Ueda
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 639-641
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Surgical valve replacement improves the symptoms and prognosis of patients with valvular heart diseases. Aortic regurgitation elicits volume overload that causes enlargement of the left ventricle (LV), while the LV size often shrinks to near normal after aortic valve replacement (AVR), which is referred to as "reverse remodeling". We experienced a case in which LV outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction became apparent after AVR, resulting in worsening of heart failure. A 65-year-old man who had undergone surgical AVR for aortic valve regurgitation 15 months previously exhibited dyspnea on effort accompanied with severe LVOT obstruction. With double pressure catheters, we directly recorded an augmented pressure gradient in the LVOT and rapid relief of the obstruction by intravenous administration of the anti-arrhythmic drug cibenzoline. Since the considerable LV hypertrophy had been indicated by an electrocardiogram and echocardiography before AVR, we suspected that dilation of the LV chamber due to aortic valve regurgitation could have masked the subclinical LVOT obstruction, which became clinically evident after LV size reduction due to reverse remodeling after AVR.

    Download PDF (414K)
  • Satoshi Masutani, Aya Miyazaki, Yoichi Iwamoto, Hirotaka Ishido
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 642-646
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The usefulness of a treadmill exercise test for determining optimal pacemaker settings remains unknown. An 8-year-old boy with Fontan circulation and a dual-chamber pacemaker for a rate-dependent advanced atrioventricular block suffered from dullness and poor school attendance. Although the pacemaker log showed an atrial tachycardia/fibrillation episode, treadmill exercise testing revealed sinus tachycardia, which converted to a 2:1 atrioventricular block. The pacemaker setting was optimized, with improvement in the patient's condition.

    Treadmill exercise testing helps optimize dual-chamber pacemaker settings in children with complex congenital heart disease involved in energy-consuming physical activities and having a wide working range in sinus rate.

    Download PDF (1081K)
  • Miwa Nagano, Ikuo Misumi, Koji Sato, Koichi Haba, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Ya ...
    2022 Volume 63 Issue 3 Pages 647-650
    Published: May 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2022
    Advance online publication: May 14, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    An 83-year-old man suddenly lost consciousness, and his blood pressure dropped. Results of blood analysis were within normal range. A chest radiograph showed enlargement of the left mediastinum. Computed tomographic scan of the chest showed a large mass surrounding the left common carotid artery in the left upper mediastinum. Histology revealed a large B-cell lymphoma. A Holter ECG showed transient sinus bradycardia and atrioventricular block. The power spectrum revealed increase in power of high frequency, suggesting that general vagal activity might be related to bradycardia. Evaluation of autonomic system from high frequency and low frequency components may be useful in examining the mechanisms of sudden bradycardia and/or hypotension of unknown origin.

    Download PDF (1285K)
feedback
Top