2017 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 81-87
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) has great genetic heterogeneity: more than 500 mutations have been described in several genes. Despite many advances, a genetic diagnosis still cannot be established in 25-30% of patients. The aim of the present study was to perform genetic evaluation in 9 Russian families with LQTS; here we report the results of 4 positive probands and their relatives (a total of 16 individuals). All subjects underwent clinical examination, 12-lead ECG, and Holter monitoring. Genetic analysis of the 14 genes mainly involved in LQTS was performed using a next-generation sequencing approach. We identified two new mutations (KCNQ1 gene) and 6 known mutations (AKAP9, ANK2, KCNE1 and KCNJ2 genes) in 4 out of 9 probands, some of which have already been described in association with LQTS. Segregation studies suggest a possible causative role for KCNQ1 p.(Leu342Pro), AKAP9 p.(Arg1609Lys), KCNE1 p.(Asp85Asn), and KCNJ2 p.(Arg82Gln) variations. Our study confirmed the high genetic heterogeneity of this disease and highlights the difficulties to reveal clear pathogenic genotypes also in large pedigrees. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first genetic study of LQTS patients from Russian families.