2018 Volume 59 Issue 1 Pages 27-34
Statins can be differentiated into two types, based on their solubility, which have potentially differing effects on the coronary artery wall. However, suspected differences in statins' effects on plaque composition have not been systemically investigated.
Sixty-seven patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were randomly assigned to either atorvastatin (10 mg/day) or rosuvastatin (2.5 mg/day). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and integrated backscatter (IB)-IVUS, an established tool to quantify each plaque's components, were performed immediately after emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Follow-up IVUS was performed between 6 and 12 months after PCI. Serial changes in serum lipid profiles and plaque composition volumes were compared between the two groups.
Thirty-five patients were eligible for serial IB-IVUS analyses. The mean low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level significantly decreased in the atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups (P < 0.001); plaque volumes were also significantly reduced from 82.0 ± 46.2 to 74.9 ± 41.3 mm3 (P = 0.01) and from 74.7 ± 35.3 to 67.7 ± 27.0 mm3 (P = 0.02), respectively. IB-IVUS revealed a significant reduction in fibrous volume from 33.8 ± 20.0 to 27.5 ± 14.9 mm3 (P < 0.01) and from 29.6 ± 13.6 to 24.8 ± 7.6 mm3 (P < 0.05), respectively; however, significant changes were not noted in the volume of the lipid pool for the atorvastatin group and the rosuvastatin group, respectively.
Water- and lipid-soluble statins may be similarly effective in reducing coronary plaques in patients with ACS as judged qualitatively and quantitatively. Further study is needed to determine whether differences between water- and lipid-soluble statins affect plaque components.